Melioidosis.Neth J Med. 1999 Feb; 54(2):76-9.NJ
Melioidosis is an infection with the gram-negative bacillus Burkholdria pseudomallei, previous known as Pseudomonas pseudomallei. We present a case report of a man with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, who after visiting Indonesia presented himself with a urosepsis, with positive cultures to B. pseudomallei. Melioidosis is endemic in areas of southeast Asia and the northern part of Australia. Infection with the B. pseudomallei has a high mortality rate. Diagnosis can be made on the basis of cultures, the bacteria grow on standard media. Treatment should be based up on sensitivity studies. The optimum duration of therapy and choice of antibiotics remain to be determined. Due to the increase in travel, the infection will be seen more frequently in other parts of the world.