Alpha-granule secretion from alpha-toxin permeabilized, MgATP-exposed platelets is induced independently by H+ and Ca2+.J Cell Physiol. 1999 Apr; 179(1):1-10.JC
In order to better understand granule release from platelets, we developed an alpha-toxin permeabilized platelet model to study alpha-granule secretion. Secretion of alpha-granules was analyzed by flow cytometry using P-selectin as a marker for alpha-granule release. P-selectin surface expression occurred when platelets were permeabilized in the presence of Ca2+. Responsiveness to Ca2+ was lost 30 min after permeabilization but could be reconstituted with MgATP. Alpha-toxin-permeabilized, MgATP-exposed platelets also degranulated within a pH range of 5.4-5.9 without exposure to and independent of Ca2+. ATP, GTP, CTP, UTP, and ITP supported Ca2+-induced alpha-granule secretion, while H+-induced alpha-granule secretion occurred only with ATP and GTP. Both Ca2+- and H+-induced alpha-granule secretion required ATP hydrolysis. Kinase inhibitors blocked both Ca2+- and H+-induced secretion. These data suggest that alpha-granule secretion in this permeabilized platelet system shares many characteristics with granule secretion studied in other permeabilized cell models. Furthermore, these results show that H+ can trigger alpha-granule release independent of Ca2+.