Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis (report of 2 cases).Cent Eur J Public Health. 1999 Feb; 7(1):8-9.CE
Leishmaniasis is an endemic, sporadic infection in many parts of the world. Turkey is geographically unique in linking Asia and Europe. Of special interest is leishmaniasis, as various forms of this disease have long been reported in the surrounding regions. Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are endemic in the western and southeastern parts of Turkey, respectively. Here, we report a cutaneous and a visceral leishmaniasis case, to draw attention to the increase in the incidence of leishmaniasis in Turkey. In the patient with cutaneous leishmaniasis, the ulcerative lesion on the cheek had persisted for two months before admittance to the hospital. Direct smears prepared from this lesion were negative for leishmania amastigotes whereas the promastigote forms were maintained in NNN (Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle) medium. The second patient was hospitalized with a prediagnosis of haematological malignancy, but the smears prepared from the bone marrow aspirates revealed leishmania amastigotes and promastigotes were seen on the smears from NNN cultures. These two reports mark the importance of inoculation of the specimens to NNN medium for the recovery of the promastigote forms. Cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis have become endemic in considerable number of foci in Turkey, possibly due to the cessation of vector control programmes and increase in the agricultural and irrigation areas. These two reports also point out the increased prevalence of leishmaniasis in Turkey after 1980's.