Formulation and in vitro/in vivo investigation of carbamazepine controlled-release matrix tablets.Pharmazie. 1999 Feb; 54(2):139-41.P
Carbamazepine controlled-release tablet formulations containing hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) as matrix material at different concentrations were developed and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The formulation containing 10% HPMC (HPMC-10) showed a controlled-release profile comparable to that of a commercially available, controlled-release carbamazepine preparation (Tegretol CR 200). The kinetics of controlled-release carbamazepine tablets was examined in eight healthy volunteers. The peak plasma concentration of 1.99 +/- 0.56 micrograms.ml-1 was obtained for HPMC-10 at 15.0 +/- 9.0 h, and 1.33 +/- 0.35 micrograms.ml-1 for Tegretol CR 200 at 15.2 +/- 8.9 h, and AUC0-infinity values of 85.2 +/- 30.8 micrograms.h.ml-1 and 76.9 +/- 20.7 micrograms.h.ml-1, respectively. Developed formulation (HPMC-10) was found to be bioequivalent to Tegretol CR 200 and, controlled release was obtained with smoother concentration-time curve resulting in less fluctuations.