Building physician managers and leaders: a model.Physician Exec. 1993 Mar-Apr; 19(2):30-2.PE
A needs assessment identified leadership, management, and interpersonal skills as training and development areas for hospital's physician executives. Training sessions were developed and occurred quarterly over a two-year period. Development strategies were designed to enhance transfer of learning from the classroom setting and incorporated personalized coaching sessions, development of a peer mentoring program, group redesign of the performance appraisal process, strategic planning, and performance feedback sessions. The comprehensiveness of the approaches taken in this program is critical to successful training and development efforts of physician executives.