Vocal fold granuloma induced by rigid bronchoscopy.Ear Nose Throat J. 1999 Mar; 78(3):176-8, 180.EN
Vocal fold granulomas secondary to endotracheal intubation, vocal abuse, and laryngopharyngeal reflux are a well-described cause of hoarseness, generally in the adult population. The mean age of onset is usually in the fourth or fifth decade, and the position is most commonly on the vocal process or one of the arytenoids. We present an atypical case involving a pediatric patient with a large, anterior, true vocal fold granuloma following rigid endoscopy of the upper conductive airway.