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Evaluation of ocular arterial changes in glaucoma with color Doppler ultrasonography.
J Ultrasound Med. 1999 Apr; 18(4):295-302.JU

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate hemodynamic changes of the retrobulbar vasculature caused by different intraocular pressures with color Doppler ultrasonography. Fifty normal eyes in 25 patients, 13 patients with normal tension glaucoma, and 19 patients with acute glaucoma and increased intraocular pressure (greater than 30 mm Hg) were enrolled in this study. In 15 of 19 patients with acute glaucoma patients, follow-up color Doppler ultrasonography was also undertaken after laser peripheral iridectomy when the intraocular pressure had returned to normal. The peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, resistive index, time average maximum velocity, and pulsatility index were compared in different vessels, including the central retinal artery, lateral posterior ciliary artery, medial posterior ciliary artery, and ophthalmic artery in each orbit. The peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, and time average maximum velocity of the central retinal artery were significantly lower (P<0.01) in acute glaucoma patients than in the control group. The resistive index and pulsatility index of the central retinal artery were significantly higher (P<0.01) in acute glaucoma patients than in the control group. The end diastolic velocity of the lateral and medial posterior ciliary arteries was significantly lower in patients with acute glaucoma than in the control group, and the resistive index and pulsatility index of both of these arteries were significantly higher (P<0.001) in patients with acute glaucoma than in the control group. However, no statistical significantly differences were found in the peak systolic velocity or time average maximum velocity in either of the posterior ciliary arteries; similarly, no statistically significant differences were noted in any of the parameters in the ophthalmic artery between the control group and the group with acute glaucoma. The pulsatility index of the central retinal artery and of the lateral and medial posterior ciliary arteries was significantly lower (P<0.01) in acute glaucoma patients after laser therapy than in acute glaucoma patients before laser therapy. The resistive index of both posterior ciliary arteries was also significantly lower (P<0.004) in acute glaucoma patients after laser therapy than before laser therapy. All parameters for all vessels examined among the normal subjects, the patients with normal tension glaucoma, and the patients with acute glaucoma after laser therapy when the intraocular pressure had returned to normal showed no statistically significant differences. Color Doppler ultrasonography is a good modality for both imaging and studying the hemodynamics of the perioptic nerve vessels.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Radiology, Veterans General Hospital--Taipei, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10206218

Citation

Chiou, H J., et al. "Evaluation of Ocular Arterial Changes in Glaucoma With Color Doppler Ultrasonography." Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine : Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, vol. 18, no. 4, 1999, pp. 295-302.
Chiou HJ, Chou YH, Liu CJ, et al. Evaluation of ocular arterial changes in glaucoma with color Doppler ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 1999;18(4):295-302.
Chiou, H. J., Chou, Y. H., Liu, C. J., Hsu, C. C., Tiu, C. M., Teng, M. M., & Chang, C. Y. (1999). Evaluation of ocular arterial changes in glaucoma with color Doppler ultrasonography. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine : Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 18(4), 295-302.
Chiou HJ, et al. Evaluation of Ocular Arterial Changes in Glaucoma With Color Doppler Ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 1999;18(4):295-302. PubMed PMID: 10206218.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of ocular arterial changes in glaucoma with color Doppler ultrasonography. AU - Chiou,H J, AU - Chou,Y H, AU - Liu,C J, AU - Hsu,C C, AU - Tiu,C M, AU - Teng,M M, AU - Chang,C Y, PY - 1999/4/17/pubmed PY - 1999/4/17/medline PY - 1999/4/17/entrez SP - 295 EP - 302 JF - Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine JO - J Ultrasound Med VL - 18 IS - 4 N2 - The purpose of this study was to evaluate hemodynamic changes of the retrobulbar vasculature caused by different intraocular pressures with color Doppler ultrasonography. Fifty normal eyes in 25 patients, 13 patients with normal tension glaucoma, and 19 patients with acute glaucoma and increased intraocular pressure (greater than 30 mm Hg) were enrolled in this study. In 15 of 19 patients with acute glaucoma patients, follow-up color Doppler ultrasonography was also undertaken after laser peripheral iridectomy when the intraocular pressure had returned to normal. The peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, resistive index, time average maximum velocity, and pulsatility index were compared in different vessels, including the central retinal artery, lateral posterior ciliary artery, medial posterior ciliary artery, and ophthalmic artery in each orbit. The peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, and time average maximum velocity of the central retinal artery were significantly lower (P<0.01) in acute glaucoma patients than in the control group. The resistive index and pulsatility index of the central retinal artery were significantly higher (P<0.01) in acute glaucoma patients than in the control group. The end diastolic velocity of the lateral and medial posterior ciliary arteries was significantly lower in patients with acute glaucoma than in the control group, and the resistive index and pulsatility index of both of these arteries were significantly higher (P<0.001) in patients with acute glaucoma than in the control group. However, no statistical significantly differences were found in the peak systolic velocity or time average maximum velocity in either of the posterior ciliary arteries; similarly, no statistically significant differences were noted in any of the parameters in the ophthalmic artery between the control group and the group with acute glaucoma. The pulsatility index of the central retinal artery and of the lateral and medial posterior ciliary arteries was significantly lower (P<0.01) in acute glaucoma patients after laser therapy than in acute glaucoma patients before laser therapy. The resistive index of both posterior ciliary arteries was also significantly lower (P<0.004) in acute glaucoma patients after laser therapy than before laser therapy. All parameters for all vessels examined among the normal subjects, the patients with normal tension glaucoma, and the patients with acute glaucoma after laser therapy when the intraocular pressure had returned to normal showed no statistically significant differences. Color Doppler ultrasonography is a good modality for both imaging and studying the hemodynamics of the perioptic nerve vessels. SN - 0278-4297 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10206218/Evaluation_of_ocular_arterial_changes_in_glaucoma_with_color_Doppler_ultrasonography_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0278-4297&amp;date=1999&amp;volume=18&amp;issue=4&amp;spage=295 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -