Conservative intestinal surgery to avoid short-bowel syndrome in multiple intestinal atresias and necrotizing enterocolitis: 6 cases treated by multiple anastomoses and Santulli-type enterostomy.Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Feb; 9(1):24-8.EJ
Neonates with multiple sites of intestinal atresia (MIA) may be predisposed to short-gut syndrome. Anastomoses of the intervening segments may prevent this complication. 5 neonates with MIA, one of them with a gastroschisis, were operated on: a proximal enterostomy was constructed, a side-to-end anastomosis as described by Santulli and several end-to-end anastomoses between the intervening intestinal segments (n = 3 to 7) were performed. An additional infant, initially operated on for a necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) was managed with the same surgical procedure. Without use of this technique, the remaining length of small intestine would have been 28, 27, 40, 58, 70 and 7 cm. This technique enabled an intestinal length of 49, 54, 96, 107, 92 and 93 cm respectively to be achieved. Ileocecal valve was present in all 5 cases with MIA, but resected in the case with NEC. The enterostomy was reversed 7 weeks later. The initial outcome (delay of enteral feeding, duration of parenteral nutrition) was good: the babies were weaned from parenteral nutrition (PN) after a mean time of 90 days (48 to 163 days). The prognosis (mean follow-up: 31 months, range 14 to 57) was good with regards to growth and development and length of time required before adaptation to normal enteral feedings and stools. This surgical method allows complete decompression of the proximal jejunum so that nutriment can pass into the distal bowel allowing it to enlarge. In cases of MIA, a long tapering proximal enteroplasty is a better procedure than resecting more than 5-10 cm of the proximal distended and hypertrophied bowel. We prefer to perform an enterostomy in association with multiple anastomoses between intervening intestinal segments. The enterostomy is preserved for long enough waiting period to enable the reversion of the histochemical and morphological changes that may have taken place in the bowel.