Interrelationships of myofibrillar ATPase activity and metabolic properties of myosin heavy chain-based fibre types in rat skeletal muscle.Histochem Cell Biol. 1999 Apr; 111(4):277-87.HC
Myofibrillar ATPase (mATPase), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) activities and cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured in fibres of rat medial gastrocnemius muscle using quantitative histochemistry. The same fibres were typed immunohistochemically using monoclonal antibodies specific to selected myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms. The values of mATPase, SDH, GPD and CSA formed a continuum, but significant differences in mean values were observed among fibre types of presumed homogeneous MHC content. Type I fibres had the lowest mATPase activity, followed in rank order by type IIA < type IID/X < type IIB. Type IIA fibres had the highest SDH activity, followed in rank order by type IID/X > type I > type IIB. The mean GPD activity was consistently ranked according to fibre type such that type IIB > type IID/X > type IIA > type I. Type IIA fibres were the smallest, type IIB fibres were the largest and types I and IID/X were of intermediate size. Significant interrelationships between mATPase, SDH, GPD and CSA values were found on a fibre-to-fibre basis. Consequently, discrimination of fibres according to their MHC content was possible on the basis of their mATPase, SDH, GPD and CSA profiles. These intrafibre interrelationships suggest that the MHC isoform is associated with phenotypic differences in contractile, metabolic and size properties of muscle fibre types.