Isolation and characterization of the ATF2 gene encoding alcohol acetyltransferase II in the bottom fermenting yeast Saccharomyces pastorianus.Yeast. 1999 Mar 30; 15(5):409-17.Y
The ATF2 gene encodes alcohol acetyltransferase II, which catalyses the synthesis of isoamyl acetate from acetyl coenzyme A and isoamyl alcohol. To characterize the ATF2 gene from the bottom fermenting yeast Saccharomyces pastorianus, the S. pastorianus ATF2 gene was cloned by colony hybridization using the S. cerevisiae ATF2 gene as a probe. When an atf1 null mutant strain was transformed with a multi-copy plasmid carrying the S. pastorianus ATF2 gene, the AATase activity of this strain was increased by 2.5-fold compared to the control. The S. pastorianus ATF2 gene has 99% nucleic acid homology in the coding region and 100% amino acid homology with the S. cerevisiae ATF2 gene. Southern blot analysis of chromosomes separated by pulse-field gel electrophoresis indicated that the ATF2 gene probe hybridized to chromosome VII in S. cerevisiae and to the 1100 kb chromosome in S. pastorianus. As S. pastorianus is thought to be a hybrid of S. cerevisiae and S. bayanus, the S. bayanus-type gene, which has a relatively low level of homology with the S. cerevisiae-type gene, is also usually detected. Interestingly, an S. bayanus-type ATF2 gene could not be detected. These results suggested that the cloned ATF2 gene was derived from S. cerevisiae. Analysis using an ATF2-lacZ fusion gene in S. pastorianus showed that expression of the ATF2 gene was relatively lower than that of the ATF1 gene and that it is repressed by aeration but activated by the addition of unsaturated fatty acids. The S. pastorianus ATF1, Lg-ATF1 and ATF2 Accession Numbers in the DDBJ Nucleotide Sequence Database are D63449, D63450 and D86480, respectively.