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Sexually transmitted diseases and gynecologic symptoms and signs in women with a history of induced abortion.
Sex Transm Dis. 1999 Apr; 26(4):197-200.ST

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate associations between a history of induced abortion and current or previous sexually transmitted diseases and other gynecologic infections.

METHODS

A cohort study was performed at two family planning clinics and one youth clinic. Of 996 women, 192 (19.3%) admitted a history of induced abortion, whereas the remaining 804 women served as a control group. A structured, personal interview which included details on previous genital infections and gynecologic symptoms and a gynecologic examination was performed. Genital chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, genital herpes, genital warts, cervical human papillomavirus infection, bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis were diagnosed.

RESULTS

Both a history of genital infections, with the exception of vulvovaginal candidiasis, and current genital symptoms were more common in women with a history of induced abortion, compared with the control group. Age-adjusted odds ratios ranged from 1.5 (history of genital warts, 95% confidence interval (95% CI 0.9-2.5) to 5.0 (history of gonorrhea, 95% CI 2.6-9.7). Odds ratios for current bacterial vaginosis was 1.9 (95% CI 1.2-2.9) and for vulvovaginal candidiasis 1.8 (95% CI 1.1-2.7).

CONCLUSION

Women attending a clinic for an induced abortion could be a target group for sexually transmitted disease information programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics, Falun Hospital, Sweden. dan.hellberg@itdalarna.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10225585

Citation

Hellberg, D, et al. "Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Gynecologic Symptoms and Signs in Women With a History of Induced Abortion." Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 26, no. 4, 1999, pp. 197-200.
Hellberg D, Mogilevkina I, Mårdh PA. Sexually transmitted diseases and gynecologic symptoms and signs in women with a history of induced abortion. Sex Transm Dis. 1999;26(4):197-200.
Hellberg, D., Mogilevkina, I., & Mårdh, P. A. (1999). Sexually transmitted diseases and gynecologic symptoms and signs in women with a history of induced abortion. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 26(4), 197-200.
Hellberg D, Mogilevkina I, Mårdh PA. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Gynecologic Symptoms and Signs in Women With a History of Induced Abortion. Sex Transm Dis. 1999;26(4):197-200. PubMed PMID: 10225585.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sexually transmitted diseases and gynecologic symptoms and signs in women with a history of induced abortion. AU - Hellberg,D, AU - Mogilevkina,I, AU - Mårdh,P A, PY - 1999/5/4/pubmed PY - 1999/5/4/medline PY - 1999/5/4/entrez KW - Abortion History KW - Abortion, Induced--complications KW - Case Control Studies KW - Cohort Analysis KW - Developed Countries KW - Diseases KW - Europe KW - Family Planning KW - Fertility Control, Postconception KW - Infections KW - Northern Europe KW - Reproductive Tract Infections--women KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Scandinavia KW - Sexually Transmitted Diseases--women KW - Studies KW - Sweden KW - Women SP - 197 EP - 200 JF - Sexually transmitted diseases JO - Sex Transm Dis VL - 26 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between a history of induced abortion and current or previous sexually transmitted diseases and other gynecologic infections. METHODS: A cohort study was performed at two family planning clinics and one youth clinic. Of 996 women, 192 (19.3%) admitted a history of induced abortion, whereas the remaining 804 women served as a control group. A structured, personal interview which included details on previous genital infections and gynecologic symptoms and a gynecologic examination was performed. Genital chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, genital herpes, genital warts, cervical human papillomavirus infection, bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis were diagnosed. RESULTS: Both a history of genital infections, with the exception of vulvovaginal candidiasis, and current genital symptoms were more common in women with a history of induced abortion, compared with the control group. Age-adjusted odds ratios ranged from 1.5 (history of genital warts, 95% confidence interval (95% CI 0.9-2.5) to 5.0 (history of gonorrhea, 95% CI 2.6-9.7). Odds ratios for current bacterial vaginosis was 1.9 (95% CI 1.2-2.9) and for vulvovaginal candidiasis 1.8 (95% CI 1.1-2.7). CONCLUSION: Women attending a clinic for an induced abortion could be a target group for sexually transmitted disease information programs. SN - 0148-5717 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10225585/Sexually_transmitted_diseases_and_gynecologic_symptoms_and_signs_in_women_with_a_history_of_induced_abortion_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/00007435-199904000-00002 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -