Prime

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The effect of music and desensitization on preoperative anxiety in children.

Abstract

In this study, music was used as part of a comprehensive preoperative teaching session aimed at informing pediatric patients about events pertaining to surgery. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether music therapy can transmit adequate information about the surgical experience to the pediatric patient to help reduce his or her anxiety and fear behaviors during induction of preoperative medication. Subjects were 75 children ages 3 through 8 who were admitted for elective surgery. The experimental design incorporated a three-sample method, with the control group receiving only verbal preoperative instruction the evening before surgery, Experimental 1 group receiving the previously mentioned verbal instruction with added music, and Experimental 2 group receiving this treatment strategy plus music immediately prior to induction of preoperative medication on the morning of surgery. The group receiving music therapy just prior to induction of preoperative medication was consistently rated as indicating less anxiety before and during induction of preoperative medication.

Links

  • Aggregator Full Text
  • Authors

    Source

    Journal of music therapy 18:2 1981 pg 74-87

    MeSH

    Anxiety
    Child
    Child, Hospitalized
    Child, Preschool
    Humans
    Music Therapy
    Preoperative Care
    Questionnaires

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10252814