The changing managerial role of physician executives.J Health Adm Educ. 1989 Winter; 7(1):33-46.JH
A survey of tasks performed by a sample of 517 physician executives from the AMA Masterfile was carried out to determine the role played by this group of administrators in health care organizations. In contrast to the findings of previous studies, physician executives appear to have responsibilities in general management as well as clinical management and do not focus primarily on physician and medical staff issues. No significant differences were found among respondents from hospitals, government, academic organizations, group practices/HMOs, and physician executives who spend more than 90 percent of their time in administration. Tasks identified as important for the future but not currently being done were primarily in the category of external activities such as "changing regulations and legislation" and "communicating goals to the public." These results identify an important boundary-spanning role for physician executives in balancing managerial and professional issues of cost, quality, and access in health care organizations. The implications of these findings for the educational needs of physician executives are discussed.