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Comparison of energy and nutrient sources of elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in New Mexico.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Identification and comparison of frequently consumed foods and important food sources of energy, protein, total fat, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B-6, folate, and calcium of elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites.

DESIGN

Dietary intake data were collected using a modified Health Habits and History Questionnaire (a food frequency questionnaire) for 735 subjects who participated in the New Mexico Elder Health Survey.

SUBJECTS

The sample consisted of 330 Hispanics (176 men and 154 women) and 405 non-Hispanic whites (214 men and 191 women) between the ages of 65 and 96 years. Subjects were those with food frequency data among 883 participants who completed the clinical visit of the New Mexico Elder Health Survey.

RESULTS

Results show the top-ranked frequently consumed foods by gender and ethnicity and top-ranked food sources of energy and 8 nutrients. Regional foods were important sources of nutrients in the diets of both Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, however, more so for the Hispanics. Chile sauces were notable sources of vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate among both groups. Both ethnic groups demonstrated selection of low-fat and skim milk and moderation in consumption of red meat.

APPLICATIONS

These data will be useful for designing nutrition education programs, for studying the relationship between diet and disease among elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, and for designing assessment instruments for the elderly and other ethnic populations.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Clinical Nutrition Program, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, USA.

    , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Aged
    Calcium
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Proteins
    Educational Status
    Energy Intake
    Energy Metabolism
    European Continental Ancestry Group
    Female
    Hispanic Americans
    Humans
    Male
    New Mexico
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Sex Factors
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10333779

    Citation

    Pareo-Tubbeh, S L., et al. "Comparison of Energy and Nutrient Sources of Elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites in New Mexico." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 99, no. 5, 1999, pp. 572-82.
    Pareo-Tubbeh SL, Romero LJ, Baumgartner RN, et al. Comparison of energy and nutrient sources of elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in New Mexico. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99(5):572-82.
    Pareo-Tubbeh, S. L., Romero, L. J., Baumgartner, R. N., Garry, P. J., Lindeman, R. D., & Koehler, K. M. (1999). Comparison of energy and nutrient sources of elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in New Mexico. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99(5), pp. 572-82.
    Pareo-Tubbeh SL, et al. Comparison of Energy and Nutrient Sources of Elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites in New Mexico. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99(5):572-82. PubMed PMID: 10333779.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of energy and nutrient sources of elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in New Mexico. AU - Pareo-Tubbeh,S L, AU - Romero,L J, AU - Baumgartner,R N, AU - Garry,P J, AU - Lindeman,R D, AU - Koehler,K M, PY - 1999/5/20/pubmed PY - 1999/5/20/medline PY - 1999/5/20/entrez SP - 572 EP - 82 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 99 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Identification and comparison of frequently consumed foods and important food sources of energy, protein, total fat, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B-6, folate, and calcium of elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. DESIGN: Dietary intake data were collected using a modified Health Habits and History Questionnaire (a food frequency questionnaire) for 735 subjects who participated in the New Mexico Elder Health Survey. SUBJECTS: The sample consisted of 330 Hispanics (176 men and 154 women) and 405 non-Hispanic whites (214 men and 191 women) between the ages of 65 and 96 years. Subjects were those with food frequency data among 883 participants who completed the clinical visit of the New Mexico Elder Health Survey. RESULTS: Results show the top-ranked frequently consumed foods by gender and ethnicity and top-ranked food sources of energy and 8 nutrients. Regional foods were important sources of nutrients in the diets of both Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, however, more so for the Hispanics. Chile sauces were notable sources of vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate among both groups. Both ethnic groups demonstrated selection of low-fat and skim milk and moderation in consumption of red meat. APPLICATIONS: These data will be useful for designing nutrition education programs, for studying the relationship between diet and disease among elderly Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, and for designing assessment instruments for the elderly and other ethnic populations. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10333779/Comparison_of_energy_and_nutrient_sources_of_elderly_Hispanics_and_non_Hispanic_whites_in_New_Mexico_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(99)00141-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -