Loss of the bcl-2 phosphorylation loop domain increases resistance of human leukemia cells (U937) to paclitaxel-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 May 27; 259(1):67-72.BB
The impact of ectopic expression of an N-terminal phosphorylation loop deletant Bcl-2 protein (Bcl-2Delta32-80) on the response of U937 monoblastic leukemia cells to paclitaxel was examined. In contrast to recent findings in HL-60 cells (Fang et al., Cancer Res. 58, 3202, 1998), U937 cells overexpressing Bcl-2Delta32-80 were significantly more resistant than those overexpressing full-length protein to caspase-3 and -9 activation, PARP degradation, and apoptosis induced by paclitaxel (500 nM; 18 h). Bcl-2Delta32-80 was also more effective than its full-length counterpart in opposing paclitaxel-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction, e.g., loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsim) and cytochrome c release into the cytoplasm. Enhanced resistance of U937/Bcl-2Delta32-80 cells to paclitaxel was observed primarily in the G2M population. Together, these findings demonstrate that deletion of the Bcl-2 phosphorylation loop domain increases resistance of U937 leukemia cells to paclitaxel-mediated mitochondrial damage and apoptosis and suggest that factors other than, or in addition to, phosphorylation contribute to Bcl-2-related cytoprotectivity against paclitaxel in this model system.