Flow cytometric DNA quantification in immunophenotyped cells as a sensitive method for determination of aneuploid multiple myeloma cells in peripheral blood stem cell harvests and bone marrow after therapy.Bone Marrow Transplant. 1999 May; 23(9):895-900.BM
The simultaneous measurement of DNA content and myeloma-related antigens (B-B4 or CD38) by flow cytometry is proposed as a method for the detection of aneuploid plasma cells in peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) harvests and in bone marrow after therapy. In 30 patients with initially detected aneuploid myeloma cells we evaluated the bone marrow after therapy and in eight of these patients 23 PBSC harvests were analyzed. In 13 of 23 PBSC harvests aneuploid myeloma cells were detectable (range: 0.02-0.63%). In the bone marrow of the 30 patients aneuploid plasma cells were detectable in all samples after chemotherapy (range: 0.12-35.70%) and after autologous PBSC transplantation in two of three patients (0.21% and 0.03%). Furthermore the relationship between diploid and aneuploid plasma cells can be evaluated. In the PBSC harvests the percentage of aneuploid plasma cells is significantly lower than that of diploid plasma cells (P=0.006). In contrast, in bone marrow the aneuploid plasma cells are predominant in most patients even after therapy (24 of 30 patients; P=0.0055). In the case of initially detected aneuploid myeloma cells, a contamination with malignant cells can be estimated with a simple flow cytometric method in PBSC harvests and in bone marrow after therapy.