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Exposure of U.S. workers to environmental tobacco smoke.
Environ Health Perspect. 1999 May; 107 Suppl 2:329-40.EH

Abstract

The concentrations of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) to which workers are exposed have been measured, using nicotine or other tracers, in diverse workplaces. Policies restricting workplace smoking to a few designated areas have been shown to reduce concentrations of ETS, although the effectiveness of such policies varies among work sites. Policies that ban smoking in the workplace are the most effective and generally lower all nicotine concentrations to less than 1 microg/m3; by contrast, mean concentrations measured in workplaces that allow smoking generally range from 2 to 6 microg/m3 in offices, from 3 to 8 microg/m3 in restaurants, and from 1 to 6 microg/m3 in the workplaces of blue-collar workers. Mean nicotine concentrations from 1 to 3 microg/m3 have been measured in the homes of smokers. Furthermore, workplace concentrations are highly variable, and some concentrations are more than 10 times higher than the average home levels, which have been established to cause lung cancer, heart disease, and other adverse health effects. For the approximately 30% of workers exposed to ETS in the workplace but not in the home, workplace exposure is the principal source of ETS. Among those with home exposures, exposures at work may exceed those resulting from home. We conclude that a significant number of U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous levels of ETS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Environmental Health Sciences Division, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7360, USA. hammondk@uclink4.berkeley.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10350518

Citation

Hammond, S K.. "Exposure of U.S. Workers to Environmental Tobacco Smoke." Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 107 Suppl 2, 1999, pp. 329-40.
Hammond SK. Exposure of U.S. workers to environmental tobacco smoke. Environ Health Perspect. 1999;107 Suppl 2:329-40.
Hammond, S. K. (1999). Exposure of U.S. workers to environmental tobacco smoke. Environmental Health Perspectives, 107 Suppl 2, 329-40.
Hammond SK. Exposure of U.S. Workers to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Environ Health Perspect. 1999;107 Suppl 2:329-40. PubMed PMID: 10350518.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exposure of U.S. workers to environmental tobacco smoke. A1 - Hammond,S K, PY - 1999/6/3/pubmed PY - 1999/6/3/medline PY - 1999/6/3/entrez SP - 329 EP - 40 JF - Environmental health perspectives JO - Environ Health Perspect VL - 107 Suppl 2 N2 - The concentrations of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) to which workers are exposed have been measured, using nicotine or other tracers, in diverse workplaces. Policies restricting workplace smoking to a few designated areas have been shown to reduce concentrations of ETS, although the effectiveness of such policies varies among work sites. Policies that ban smoking in the workplace are the most effective and generally lower all nicotine concentrations to less than 1 microg/m3; by contrast, mean concentrations measured in workplaces that allow smoking generally range from 2 to 6 microg/m3 in offices, from 3 to 8 microg/m3 in restaurants, and from 1 to 6 microg/m3 in the workplaces of blue-collar workers. Mean nicotine concentrations from 1 to 3 microg/m3 have been measured in the homes of smokers. Furthermore, workplace concentrations are highly variable, and some concentrations are more than 10 times higher than the average home levels, which have been established to cause lung cancer, heart disease, and other adverse health effects. For the approximately 30% of workers exposed to ETS in the workplace but not in the home, workplace exposure is the principal source of ETS. Among those with home exposures, exposures at work may exceed those resulting from home. We conclude that a significant number of U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous levels of ETS. SN - 0091-6765 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10350518/Exposure_of_U_S__workers_to_environmental_tobacco_smoke_ L2 - https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/ehp.99107s2329?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -