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An ergonomic analysis of premixing and compounding processes in an animal health plant.
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1999 May-Jun; 60(3):390-5.AI

Abstract

This study is based on an ergonomic job analysis designed to develop a hazard prevention program for the premixing and compounding processes in animal health products plants. Animal health products plants are "pharmaceutical facilities" for livestock or domestic animals. A hazardous aerosol (highly concentrated antibiotics, anthelmintics, mineral oil, and animal hormones) is generated in the premixing or compounding processes. The animal health premixing jobs are heavy-duty jobs and have high potential for chemical exposure, heat stress, and ergonomic hazards. Ergonomic job analysis was used to recognize, identify, and evaluate actuarial and potential risks of injures or irritations. Chemical hazards and eight ergonomic factors were discussed: (1) forceful exertions, (2) awkward postures, (3) localized contract stresses, (4) vibration, (5) noise, (6) temperature extremes, (7) repetitive activities, and (8) prolonged activities. The results show that (1) current practices do not violate occupational safety and health regulations or recommended guidelines, but that hazards should be identified to protect worker health and safety; (2) for chemical hazards prevention, operators wear whole-body protection equipment, which also causes heat stress and increases the noise level in the work zone; and (3) the loading weight of the bags used needs to be reduced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kaohsiung Medical College, Taiwan, ROC. chwelu@cc.kmc.edu.twNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10386360

Citation

Lu, C, and W B. Goggins. "An Ergonomic Analysis of Premixing and Compounding Processes in an Animal Health Plant." American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, vol. 60, no. 3, 1999, pp. 390-5.
Lu C, Goggins WB. An ergonomic analysis of premixing and compounding processes in an animal health plant. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1999;60(3):390-5.
Lu, C., & Goggins, W. B. (1999). An ergonomic analysis of premixing and compounding processes in an animal health plant. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 60(3), 390-5.
Lu C, Goggins WB. An Ergonomic Analysis of Premixing and Compounding Processes in an Animal Health Plant. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1999 May-Jun;60(3):390-5. PubMed PMID: 10386360.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An ergonomic analysis of premixing and compounding processes in an animal health plant. AU - Lu,C, AU - Goggins,W B, PY - 1999/7/1/pubmed PY - 1999/7/1/medline PY - 1999/7/1/entrez SP - 390 EP - 5 JF - American Industrial Hygiene Association journal JO - Am Ind Hyg Assoc J VL - 60 IS - 3 N2 - This study is based on an ergonomic job analysis designed to develop a hazard prevention program for the premixing and compounding processes in animal health products plants. Animal health products plants are "pharmaceutical facilities" for livestock or domestic animals. A hazardous aerosol (highly concentrated antibiotics, anthelmintics, mineral oil, and animal hormones) is generated in the premixing or compounding processes. The animal health premixing jobs are heavy-duty jobs and have high potential for chemical exposure, heat stress, and ergonomic hazards. Ergonomic job analysis was used to recognize, identify, and evaluate actuarial and potential risks of injures or irritations. Chemical hazards and eight ergonomic factors were discussed: (1) forceful exertions, (2) awkward postures, (3) localized contract stresses, (4) vibration, (5) noise, (6) temperature extremes, (7) repetitive activities, and (8) prolonged activities. The results show that (1) current practices do not violate occupational safety and health regulations or recommended guidelines, but that hazards should be identified to protect worker health and safety; (2) for chemical hazards prevention, operators wear whole-body protection equipment, which also causes heat stress and increases the noise level in the work zone; and (3) the loading weight of the bags used needs to be reduced. SN - 0002-8894 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10386360/An_ergonomic_analysis_of_premixing_and_compounding_processes_in_an_animal_health_plant_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -