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Crystal structure of rabbit cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase at 2.8 A resolution: mechanistic implications.
Biochemistry. 1999 Jun 29; 38(26):8347-58.B

Abstract

Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) catalyzes the reversible cleavage of serine to form glycine and single carbon groups that are essential for many biosynthetic pathways. SHMT requires both pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) and tetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate (H4PteGlun) as cofactors, the latter as a carrier of the single carbon group. We describe here the crystal structure at 2.8 A resolution of rabbit cytosolic SHMT (rcSHMT) in two forms: one with the PLP covalently bound as an aldimine to the Nepsilon-amino group of the active site lysine and the other with the aldimine reduced to a secondary amine. The rcSHMT structure closely resembles the structure of human SHMT, confirming its similarity to the alpha-class of PLP enzymes. The structures reported here further permit identification of changes in the PLP group that accompany formation of the geminal diamine complex, the first intermediate in the reaction pathway. On the basis of the current mechanism derived from solution studies and the properties of site mutants, we are able to model the binding of both the serine substrate and the H4PteGlun cofactor. This model explains the properties of several site mutants of SHMT and offers testable hypotheses for a more detailed mechanism of this enzyme.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Structural Biology and Drug Discovery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23219, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10387080

Citation

Scarsdale, J N., et al. "Crystal Structure of Rabbit Cytosolic Serine Hydroxymethyltransferase at 2.8 a Resolution: Mechanistic Implications." Biochemistry, vol. 38, no. 26, 1999, pp. 8347-58.
Scarsdale JN, Kazanina G, Radaev S, et al. Crystal structure of rabbit cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase at 2.8 A resolution: mechanistic implications. Biochemistry. 1999;38(26):8347-58.
Scarsdale, J. N., Kazanina, G., Radaev, S., Schirch, V., & Wright, H. T. (1999). Crystal structure of rabbit cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase at 2.8 A resolution: mechanistic implications. Biochemistry, 38(26), 8347-58.
Scarsdale JN, et al. Crystal Structure of Rabbit Cytosolic Serine Hydroxymethyltransferase at 2.8 a Resolution: Mechanistic Implications. Biochemistry. 1999 Jun 29;38(26):8347-58. PubMed PMID: 10387080.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Crystal structure of rabbit cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase at 2.8 A resolution: mechanistic implications. AU - Scarsdale,J N, AU - Kazanina,G, AU - Radaev,S, AU - Schirch,V, AU - Wright,H T, PY - 1999/7/1/pubmed PY - 1999/7/1/medline PY - 1999/7/1/entrez SP - 8347 EP - 58 JF - Biochemistry JO - Biochemistry VL - 38 IS - 26 N2 - Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) catalyzes the reversible cleavage of serine to form glycine and single carbon groups that are essential for many biosynthetic pathways. SHMT requires both pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) and tetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate (H4PteGlun) as cofactors, the latter as a carrier of the single carbon group. We describe here the crystal structure at 2.8 A resolution of rabbit cytosolic SHMT (rcSHMT) in two forms: one with the PLP covalently bound as an aldimine to the Nepsilon-amino group of the active site lysine and the other with the aldimine reduced to a secondary amine. The rcSHMT structure closely resembles the structure of human SHMT, confirming its similarity to the alpha-class of PLP enzymes. The structures reported here further permit identification of changes in the PLP group that accompany formation of the geminal diamine complex, the first intermediate in the reaction pathway. On the basis of the current mechanism derived from solution studies and the properties of site mutants, we are able to model the binding of both the serine substrate and the H4PteGlun cofactor. This model explains the properties of several site mutants of SHMT and offers testable hypotheses for a more detailed mechanism of this enzyme. SN - 0006-2960 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10387080/Crystal_structure_of_rabbit_cytosolic_serine_hydroxymethyltransferase_at_2_8_A_resolution:_mechanistic_implications_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/bi9904151 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -