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Developmental coordination disorder in Swedish 7-year-old children.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999 Jul; 38(7):820-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the prevalence, comorbidity, and outcome in developmental coordination disorder (DCD).

METHOD

In this population study of 7-year-olds undergoing individual examination plus teacher and parent interviews, children were followed up at ages 8, 9, and 10 years.

RESULTS

Severe DCD occurred in 4.9% and moderate DCD in another 8.6%. Boy-girl ratios ranged from 4:1 to 7:1. Children with severe and moderate DCD did not differ from each other on any measure, but both groups were clearly separated from children without DCD with respect to associated attention deficit symptoms. Asperger's disorder symptoms, school dysfunction scores, and outcome. Approximately half of all children with DCD had moderate to severe symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

CONCLUSIONS

DCD is a common problem, and it is strongly associated with ADHD symptoms. A diagnosis of DCD at age 7 years predicts DCD at age 8 years and restricted reading comprehension at age 10 years. Clinicians need to acquaint themselves with DCD and its comorbidity so that they can provide better services to affected children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Göteborg University, Sahlgren University Hospital, Sweden.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10405499

Citation

Kadesjö, B, and C Gillberg. "Developmental Coordination Disorder in Swedish 7-year-old Children." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 38, no. 7, 1999, pp. 820-8.
Kadesjö B, Gillberg C. Developmental coordination disorder in Swedish 7-year-old children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999;38(7):820-8.
Kadesjö, B., & Gillberg, C. (1999). Developmental coordination disorder in Swedish 7-year-old children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(7), 820-8.
Kadesjö B, Gillberg C. Developmental Coordination Disorder in Swedish 7-year-old Children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999;38(7):820-8. PubMed PMID: 10405499.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Developmental coordination disorder in Swedish 7-year-old children. AU - Kadesjö,B, AU - Gillberg,C, PY - 1999/7/16/pubmed PY - 1999/7/16/medline PY - 1999/7/16/entrez SP - 820 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 38 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, comorbidity, and outcome in developmental coordination disorder (DCD). METHOD: In this population study of 7-year-olds undergoing individual examination plus teacher and parent interviews, children were followed up at ages 8, 9, and 10 years. RESULTS: Severe DCD occurred in 4.9% and moderate DCD in another 8.6%. Boy-girl ratios ranged from 4:1 to 7:1. Children with severe and moderate DCD did not differ from each other on any measure, but both groups were clearly separated from children without DCD with respect to associated attention deficit symptoms. Asperger's disorder symptoms, school dysfunction scores, and outcome. Approximately half of all children with DCD had moderate to severe symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). CONCLUSIONS: DCD is a common problem, and it is strongly associated with ADHD symptoms. A diagnosis of DCD at age 7 years predicts DCD at age 8 years and restricted reading comprehension at age 10 years. Clinicians need to acquaint themselves with DCD and its comorbidity so that they can provide better services to affected children. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10405499/Developmental_coordination_disorder_in_Swedish_7_year_old_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)66530-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -