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Malaria. The latest in advice for travellers.
Aust Fam Physician. 1999 Jul; 28(7):683-8.AF

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Malaria prevention in travellers is typically the most complex travel health issue faced by practitioners. Approximately 300 to 500 million people in the world are infected with malaria and between 1.5 and 2.7 million people die from it every year. Although the disease is mainly confined to the tropical areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America, it remains a serious and worsening health problem.

OBJECTIVE

In this article recommendations are provided to assist doctors giving advice to travellers visiting regions where malaria is endemic. The focus is on prophylactic medications and self treatment regimens.

DISCUSSION

Advice to travellers should include information on the need for prompt diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness, on minimising exposure to mosquitoes, and the use of repellents and contact insecticides. A simplified chemoprophylaxis regimen is chloroquine for chloroquine sensitive malaria areas, mefloquine or doxycycline for areas with chloroquine resistant malaria and doxycycline for areas with mefloquine resistant malaria. With the advent of new self treatment regimens and 'in the field' rapid diagnostic tests, self treatment has become a reasonable option in certain circumstances.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10431424

Citation

Pellegrini, M, and T A. Ruff. "Malaria. the Latest in Advice for Travellers." Australian Family Physician, vol. 28, no. 7, 1999, pp. 683-8.
Pellegrini M, Ruff TA. Malaria. The latest in advice for travellers. Aust Fam Physician. 1999;28(7):683-8.
Pellegrini, M., & Ruff, T. A. (1999). Malaria. The latest in advice for travellers. Australian Family Physician, 28(7), 683-8.
Pellegrini M, Ruff TA. Malaria. the Latest in Advice for Travellers. Aust Fam Physician. 1999;28(7):683-8. PubMed PMID: 10431424.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Malaria. The latest in advice for travellers. AU - Pellegrini,M, AU - Ruff,T A, PY - 1999/8/4/pubmed PY - 2000/2/19/medline PY - 1999/8/4/entrez SP - 683 EP - 8 JF - Australian family physician JO - Aust Fam Physician VL - 28 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Malaria prevention in travellers is typically the most complex travel health issue faced by practitioners. Approximately 300 to 500 million people in the world are infected with malaria and between 1.5 and 2.7 million people die from it every year. Although the disease is mainly confined to the tropical areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America, it remains a serious and worsening health problem. OBJECTIVE: In this article recommendations are provided to assist doctors giving advice to travellers visiting regions where malaria is endemic. The focus is on prophylactic medications and self treatment regimens. DISCUSSION: Advice to travellers should include information on the need for prompt diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness, on minimising exposure to mosquitoes, and the use of repellents and contact insecticides. A simplified chemoprophylaxis regimen is chloroquine for chloroquine sensitive malaria areas, mefloquine or doxycycline for areas with chloroquine resistant malaria and doxycycline for areas with mefloquine resistant malaria. With the advent of new self treatment regimens and 'in the field' rapid diagnostic tests, self treatment has become a reasonable option in certain circumstances. SN - 0300-8495 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10431424/Malaria__The_latest_in_advice_for_travellers_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4415 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -