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Implications of the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic for control and eradication of measles.
Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Jul; 29(1):106-12.CI

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons may be important, unrecognized transmitters of measles virus, thwarting eradication efforts. We reviewed the published English-language literature on measles and measles immunization in HIV-infected persons to investigate the clinical features of measles, the responses to measles immunization, and the safety of measles vaccine in HIV-infected persons and, conversely, the effect of measles and measles immunization on HIV infection. HIV-infected persons with measles are likely to have uncharacteristic clinical findings and severe illness, with high rates of pneumonitis and death. Primary and secondary failure of measles vaccine in HIV-infected children may permit transmission of measles virus in spite of high rates of immunization coverage. A factor that complicates measles-control efforts in areas of high prevalence of HIV is the potential for fatal infection with measles vaccine virus. Further research on the impact of the HIV epidemic on measles and measles immunization is necessary to guide strategies for the eradication of measles.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. wmoss@welch.jhu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10433572

Citation

Moss, W J., et al. "Implications of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Epidemic for Control and Eradication of Measles." Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, vol. 29, no. 1, 1999, pp. 106-12.
Moss WJ, Cutts F, Griffin DE. Implications of the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic for control and eradication of measles. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;29(1):106-12.
Moss, W. J., Cutts, F., & Griffin, D. E. (1999). Implications of the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic for control and eradication of measles. Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 29(1), 106-12.
Moss WJ, Cutts F, Griffin DE. Implications of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Epidemic for Control and Eradication of Measles. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;29(1):106-12. PubMed PMID: 10433572.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Implications of the human immunodeficiency virus epidemic for control and eradication of measles. AU - Moss,W J, AU - Cutts,F, AU - Griffin,D E, PY - 1999/8/5/pubmed PY - 1999/8/5/medline PY - 1999/8/5/entrez SP - 106 EP - 12 JF - Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America JO - Clin Infect Dis VL - 29 IS - 1 N2 - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons may be important, unrecognized transmitters of measles virus, thwarting eradication efforts. We reviewed the published English-language literature on measles and measles immunization in HIV-infected persons to investigate the clinical features of measles, the responses to measles immunization, and the safety of measles vaccine in HIV-infected persons and, conversely, the effect of measles and measles immunization on HIV infection. HIV-infected persons with measles are likely to have uncharacteristic clinical findings and severe illness, with high rates of pneumonitis and death. Primary and secondary failure of measles vaccine in HIV-infected children may permit transmission of measles virus in spite of high rates of immunization coverage. A factor that complicates measles-control efforts in areas of high prevalence of HIV is the potential for fatal infection with measles vaccine virus. Further research on the impact of the HIV epidemic on measles and measles immunization is necessary to guide strategies for the eradication of measles. SN - 1058-4838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10433572/Implications_of_the_human_immunodeficiency_virus_epidemic_for_control_and_eradication_of_measles_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-lookup/doi/10.1086/520136 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -