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Pacifier use and otitis media in infants twelve months of age or younger.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was two fold: to determine if within a selected population of infants the prevalence of otitis media was greater in pacifier users than in non-pacifier users, and to reveal if an association existed between otitis media and pacifier use.

METHODS

The study consisted of 200 children, 12 months of age or younger. Parents were surveyed regarding children's pacifier habits, day care attendance, feeding habits, thumb sucking habits, exposure to parental smoking, and parental education level.

RESULTS

The prevalence of otitis media in pacifier users (36%) was larger than that of non-pacifier users (23%), P < 0.05. A logistic regression analysis determined an association existed between otitis media and pacifier use, bottle feeding, thumb sucking, and day care utilization, P < or = 0.05. No association was discovered between otitis media and breast feeding, parental smoking and parental education level.

CONCLUSION

The risk of developing otitis media in an infant is two times greater if a pacifier is used and five times greater if bottle fed or attending a day care facility.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Advanced Education Program in Pediatric Dentistry, The Medical College of Virginia School of Dentistry, USA.

Source

Pediatric dentistry 21:4 pg 255-60

MeSH

Bottle Feeding
Breast Feeding
Chi-Square Distribution
Humans
Infant
Infant Care
Odds Ratio
Otitis Media
Prevalence
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Virginia

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10436480

Citation

Jackson, J M., and A P. Mourino. "Pacifier Use and Otitis Media in Infants Twelve Months of Age or Younger." Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 21, no. 4, 1999, pp. 255-60.
Jackson JM, Mourino AP. Pacifier use and otitis media in infants twelve months of age or younger. Pediatr Dent. 1999;21(4):255-60.
Jackson, J. M., & Mourino, A. P. (1999). Pacifier use and otitis media in infants twelve months of age or younger. Pediatric Dentistry, 21(4), pp. 255-60.
Jackson JM, Mourino AP. Pacifier Use and Otitis Media in Infants Twelve Months of Age or Younger. Pediatr Dent. 1999;21(4):255-60. PubMed PMID: 10436480.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pacifier use and otitis media in infants twelve months of age or younger. AU - Jackson,J M, AU - Mourino,A P, PY - 1999/8/7/pubmed PY - 1999/8/7/medline PY - 1999/8/7/entrez SP - 255 EP - 60 JF - Pediatric dentistry JO - Pediatr Dent VL - 21 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was two fold: to determine if within a selected population of infants the prevalence of otitis media was greater in pacifier users than in non-pacifier users, and to reveal if an association existed between otitis media and pacifier use. METHODS: The study consisted of 200 children, 12 months of age or younger. Parents were surveyed regarding children's pacifier habits, day care attendance, feeding habits, thumb sucking habits, exposure to parental smoking, and parental education level. RESULTS: The prevalence of otitis media in pacifier users (36%) was larger than that of non-pacifier users (23%), P < 0.05. A logistic regression analysis determined an association existed between otitis media and pacifier use, bottle feeding, thumb sucking, and day care utilization, P < or = 0.05. No association was discovered between otitis media and breast feeding, parental smoking and parental education level. CONCLUSION: The risk of developing otitis media in an infant is two times greater if a pacifier is used and five times greater if bottle fed or attending a day care facility. SN - 0164-1263 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10436480/Pacifier_use_and_otitis_media_in_infants_twelve_months_of_age_or_younger_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/earinfections.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -