In vitro bracket bond strength to acid-etched or air-abraded enamel.Pediatr Dent. 1999 Jul-Aug; 21(4):281-4.PD
This study evaluated, in vitro, the capacity of a dentin bonding agent to improve the bond strength of orthodontic brackets using air abrasion enamel preparation.
Each of the enamel surfaces received a different treatment prior to bonding procedures. Group 1 received acid-etched with 38% phosphoric acid for 30 seconds. Group 2 received acid-etched with 38% phosphoric acid for 30 seconds, dentin bonding agent (Scotchbond MultiPurpose) applied after rinse completed. Group 3 received abrasion-etched (particle size 50 microns, 120 psi). Group 4 received abrasion-etched, dentin bonding agent applied after etching completed. Unfilled adhesive resin (Ormco light cured sealant) was applied followed by a premolar bracket (Ormco meshed mini-twin) with adhesive (Ormco light cured adhesive) placed on the back. Shear bond strengths were measured using an INSTRON machine and the site of bond failure was determined under 3X magnification.
The shear bond strength obtained with a traditional acid-etch, in vitro, was not improved significantly by the use of a dentin bonding agent. Air abraded surfaces showed very low bond strengths with all treatments.
Tested in vitro, air-abraded surfaces provide clinically unacceptable bond strength when compared to acid-etched enamel surfaces.