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Low dose hexarelin and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone as a diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of GH deficiency in adults: comparison with insulin-induced hypoglycemia test.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Aug; 84(8):2633-7.JC

Abstract

GH deficiency (GHD) in adults must be shown by provocative testing of GH secretion. Insulin-induced hypoglycemia (ITT) is the test of choice, and severe GHD, treated with recombinant human GH replacement, is defined by a GH peak response to ITT of less than 3 microg/L. GHRH plus arginine (ARG) is a more provocative test and is as sensitive as ITT provided that appropriate cut-off limits are assumed. GH secretagogues are a family of peptidyl and nonpeptidyl GH-releasing molecules that strongly stimulate GH secretion and, even at low doses, truly synergize with GHRH. Our aim was to verify the diagnostic reliability of the hexarelin (HEX; 0.25 microg/kg, iv) and GHRH (1 microg/kg, iv) test for the diagnosis of adult GHD. To this goal, in the present study we 1) defined the normal ranges of the GH response to GHRH+HEX in a group of normal young adult volunteers (NS; n = 25; 18 men and 7 women; age, 28.5+/-0.6 yr) and in 11 of them verified its reproducibility in a second session, and 2) compared the GH response to GHRH+HEXwith that to ITT in a group of normal subjects (n = 33; 12 men and 21 women; age, 34.1+/-1.5 yr) and hypopituitaric adults with GHD (n = 19; 10 men and 9 women; age, 39.9+/-2.2 yr; GH peak <5 microg/L after ITT). The GH response to GHRH+ARG was also evaluated in all GHD and in 77 normal subjects (40 men and 37 women; age, 28.1+/-0.6 yr). The mean GH peak after GHRH+HEX in NS was 83.6+/-4.5 microg/L; the third and first percentile limits of the normal GH response were 55.5 and 51.2 microg/L, respectively). The GH response to GHRH+HEX in NS showed good intraindividual reproducibility. In GHD the mean GH peak after GHRH+HEX (2.6+/-0.7 microg/L) was similar to that after GHRH+ARG (3.6+/-1.0 microg/L), and both were higher (P < 0.001) than that after ITT (0.6+/-0.1 microg/L); the GH responses to GHRH+HEX were positively associated with those to ITT and GHRH+ARG. Analyzing individual GH responses, 100% had severe GHD after ITT (GH peak, <3 microg/L). After GHRH+HEX all GHD had GH peaks below the third percentile limit of normality appropriate for this test (i.e. 55.5 microg/L). Thirteen of 19 (68.4%) GHD subjects had GH peaks below 3 microg/L after GHRH+HEX but all 19 (100%) had GH peaks below the first percentile limit of normality (i.e. 51.2 microg/L). The GH responses to GHRH+HEX were highly concordant with those after GHRH+ARG. In conclusion, the present results define normal limits of the GH response to stimulation with low dose HEX+GHRH in normal adults and show that this test is as sensitive as ITT for the diagnosis of adult GHD provided that appropriate cut-off limits are considered.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endocrinology, University of Pisa, Italy. mgasperi@endoc.med.unipi.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10443652

Citation

Gasperi, M, et al. "Low Dose Hexarelin and Growth Hormone (GH)-releasing Hormone as a Diagnostic Tool for the Diagnosis of GH Deficiency in Adults: Comparison With Insulin-induced Hypoglycemia Test." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 84, no. 8, 1999, pp. 2633-7.
Gasperi M, Aimaretti G, Scarcello G, et al. Low dose hexarelin and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone as a diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of GH deficiency in adults: comparison with insulin-induced hypoglycemia test. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999;84(8):2633-7.
Gasperi, M., Aimaretti, G., Scarcello, G., Corneli, G., Cosci, C., Arvat, E., Martino, E., & Ghigo, E. (1999). Low dose hexarelin and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone as a diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of GH deficiency in adults: comparison with insulin-induced hypoglycemia test. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 84(8), 2633-7.
Gasperi M, et al. Low Dose Hexarelin and Growth Hormone (GH)-releasing Hormone as a Diagnostic Tool for the Diagnosis of GH Deficiency in Adults: Comparison With Insulin-induced Hypoglycemia Test. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999;84(8):2633-7. PubMed PMID: 10443652.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low dose hexarelin and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone as a diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of GH deficiency in adults: comparison with insulin-induced hypoglycemia test. AU - Gasperi,M, AU - Aimaretti,G, AU - Scarcello,G, AU - Corneli,G, AU - Cosci,C, AU - Arvat,E, AU - Martino,E, AU - Ghigo,E, PY - 1999/8/12/pubmed PY - 1999/8/12/medline PY - 1999/8/12/entrez SP - 2633 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism JO - J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. VL - 84 IS - 8 N2 - GH deficiency (GHD) in adults must be shown by provocative testing of GH secretion. Insulin-induced hypoglycemia (ITT) is the test of choice, and severe GHD, treated with recombinant human GH replacement, is defined by a GH peak response to ITT of less than 3 microg/L. GHRH plus arginine (ARG) is a more provocative test and is as sensitive as ITT provided that appropriate cut-off limits are assumed. GH secretagogues are a family of peptidyl and nonpeptidyl GH-releasing molecules that strongly stimulate GH secretion and, even at low doses, truly synergize with GHRH. Our aim was to verify the diagnostic reliability of the hexarelin (HEX; 0.25 microg/kg, iv) and GHRH (1 microg/kg, iv) test for the diagnosis of adult GHD. To this goal, in the present study we 1) defined the normal ranges of the GH response to GHRH+HEX in a group of normal young adult volunteers (NS; n = 25; 18 men and 7 women; age, 28.5+/-0.6 yr) and in 11 of them verified its reproducibility in a second session, and 2) compared the GH response to GHRH+HEXwith that to ITT in a group of normal subjects (n = 33; 12 men and 21 women; age, 34.1+/-1.5 yr) and hypopituitaric adults with GHD (n = 19; 10 men and 9 women; age, 39.9+/-2.2 yr; GH peak <5 microg/L after ITT). The GH response to GHRH+ARG was also evaluated in all GHD and in 77 normal subjects (40 men and 37 women; age, 28.1+/-0.6 yr). The mean GH peak after GHRH+HEX in NS was 83.6+/-4.5 microg/L; the third and first percentile limits of the normal GH response were 55.5 and 51.2 microg/L, respectively). The GH response to GHRH+HEX in NS showed good intraindividual reproducibility. In GHD the mean GH peak after GHRH+HEX (2.6+/-0.7 microg/L) was similar to that after GHRH+ARG (3.6+/-1.0 microg/L), and both were higher (P < 0.001) than that after ITT (0.6+/-0.1 microg/L); the GH responses to GHRH+HEX were positively associated with those to ITT and GHRH+ARG. Analyzing individual GH responses, 100% had severe GHD after ITT (GH peak, <3 microg/L). After GHRH+HEX all GHD had GH peaks below the third percentile limit of normality appropriate for this test (i.e. 55.5 microg/L). Thirteen of 19 (68.4%) GHD subjects had GH peaks below 3 microg/L after GHRH+HEX but all 19 (100%) had GH peaks below the first percentile limit of normality (i.e. 51.2 microg/L). The GH responses to GHRH+HEX were highly concordant with those after GHRH+ARG. In conclusion, the present results define normal limits of the GH response to stimulation with low dose HEX+GHRH in normal adults and show that this test is as sensitive as ITT for the diagnosis of adult GHD provided that appropriate cut-off limits are considered. SN - 0021-972X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10443652/Low_dose_hexarelin_and_growth_hormone__GH__releasing_hormone_as_a_diagnostic_tool_for_the_diagnosis_of_GH_deficiency_in_adults:_comparison_with_insulin_induced_hypoglycemia_test_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jcem.84.8.5904 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -