A composite C/EBP binding site is essential for the activity of the promoter of the IL-3/IL-5/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor beta c gene.J Immunol. 1999 Sep 01; 163(5):2674-80.JI
The common beta-chain (beta c) is the main signaling component of the heterodimeric receptors for IL-3, IL-5, and GM-CSF and is primarily expressed on myeloid cells. The proximal beta c promoter is regulated by GGAA binding proteins, including PU.1, a hemopoietic specific member of the Ets family. However, it is not likely that PU.1 alone accounts for the myeloid-restricted expression of the beta c subunit. Here we describe the identification of a C/EBP binding enhancer that is located 2 kb upstream of the transcription start site. The enhancer contains two elements that bind C/EBP alpha and -beta in U937 cells, while C/EBP epsilon is also bound in extracts of HL-60 cells. Importantly, deletion of the enhancer or mutation of either of one of the C/EBP sites results in a complete loss of promoter activity in cell lines as well as in primary cells, showing the importance of C/EBP members in beta c gene activation. We further show that PU.1 has to cooperate with C/EBP proteins to induce beta c transcription. Since the beta c is already expressed on CD34+ cells, these results demonstrate that both C/EBP and PU.1 are not only important for the myeloid-specific gene regulation at later stages of myeloid differentiation.