Erythrocyte delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase genotype and other mechanisms affecting workers' susceptibility to lead.J Occup Environ Med 1999; 41(8):662-8JO
In this study, the role of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) variants in lead susceptibility was examined. The study subjects comprised 223 male workers, and the relationship between their blood lead level and erythrocyte ALAD activity or plasma/urine delta-aminolevulinic acid level was studied. Leukocyte specimens from 11 workers, whose erythrocyte ALAD activities were as low as one-fifth that of the other normal workers, were subjected to analyses of their ALAD and ALAD alleles. Further, the entire exon fragment of the ALAD gene was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction, and the reaction product was used as a target for direct DNA sequencing. Genomic DNA analysis revealed that all 11 workers had the ALAD allele, whereas the entire ALAD gene analysis failed to indicate other variants, except for the Rsa I site. The depletion in erythrocyte ALAD activity was not found to be caused by the ALAD allele.