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Relaxation to assist sleep medication withdrawal.
Behav Modif 1999; 23(3):379-402BM

Abstract

This study explores the usefulness of relaxation and gradual medication withdrawal in weaning insomniacs from sleep (hypnotic) medication. We recruited 40 volunteers from the community who had insomnia, half of whom were chronic users of hypnotics while the other half were nonmedicated. Half of all participants (10 medicated and 10 nonmedicated) received progressive relaxation. All medicated participants received a standard gradual drug withdrawal program. Medicated participants reduced sleep medication consumption by nearly 80%. Participants who received relaxation obtained additional benefits in sleep efficiency, rated quality of sleep, and reduced withdrawal symptoms. Medicated and nonmedicated participants attained comparable, improved sleep by posttreatment and follow-up. Hypnotic withdrawal was accompanied by serious worsening of insomnia, but this dissipated by the end of the withdrawal period. The psychological treatment of hypnotic-dependent insomnia has high potential for making an important clinical contribution.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, TN 38152, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10467890

Citation

Lichstein, K L., et al. "Relaxation to Assist Sleep Medication Withdrawal." Behavior Modification, vol. 23, no. 3, 1999, pp. 379-402.
Lichstein KL, Peterson BA, Riedel BW, et al. Relaxation to assist sleep medication withdrawal. Behav Modif. 1999;23(3):379-402.
Lichstein, K. L., Peterson, B. A., Riedel, B. W., Means, M. K., Epperson, M. T., & Aguillard, R. N. (1999). Relaxation to assist sleep medication withdrawal. Behavior Modification, 23(3), pp. 379-402.
Lichstein KL, et al. Relaxation to Assist Sleep Medication Withdrawal. Behav Modif. 1999;23(3):379-402. PubMed PMID: 10467890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relaxation to assist sleep medication withdrawal. AU - Lichstein,K L, AU - Peterson,B A, AU - Riedel,B W, AU - Means,M K, AU - Epperson,M T, AU - Aguillard,R N, PY - 1999/9/1/pubmed PY - 1999/9/1/medline PY - 1999/9/1/entrez SP - 379 EP - 402 JF - Behavior modification JO - Behav Modif VL - 23 IS - 3 N2 - This study explores the usefulness of relaxation and gradual medication withdrawal in weaning insomniacs from sleep (hypnotic) medication. We recruited 40 volunteers from the community who had insomnia, half of whom were chronic users of hypnotics while the other half were nonmedicated. Half of all participants (10 medicated and 10 nonmedicated) received progressive relaxation. All medicated participants received a standard gradual drug withdrawal program. Medicated participants reduced sleep medication consumption by nearly 80%. Participants who received relaxation obtained additional benefits in sleep efficiency, rated quality of sleep, and reduced withdrawal symptoms. Medicated and nonmedicated participants attained comparable, improved sleep by posttreatment and follow-up. Hypnotic withdrawal was accompanied by serious worsening of insomnia, but this dissipated by the end of the withdrawal period. The psychological treatment of hypnotic-dependent insomnia has high potential for making an important clinical contribution. SN - 0145-4455 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10467890/Relaxation_to_assist_sleep_medication_withdrawal_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0145445599233003?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -