Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nutritionally complete prepared meal plan to reduce cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized clinical trial.
J Am Diet Assoc 1999; 99(9):1077-83JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare a nutritionally complete prepared meal plan that meets national dietary guidelines to usual-care dietary therapy for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glycemic control.

DESIGN

Randomized, controlled trial.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Outpatients with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes mellitus (n = 251) were recruited at 6 medical centers in the United States and Canada.

INTERVENTION

The prepared meal plan, which was developed by university-based nutrition and cardiovascular scientists and food technologists at Campbell's Center for Nutrition & Wellness (CCNW), provided the optimal levels of macronutrients and micronutrients recommended for cardiovascular risk reduction in a variety of prepackaged meals and snacks. After a 4-week pretrial period to assess baseline state, participants were randomized to the CCNW plan or "usual-care" diet for 10 weeks.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Blood pressure, carbohydrate metabolism, lipoproteins, homocysteine, weight, nutrient intake, compliance.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Repeated measures analysis of variance.

RESULTS

Lipoproteins, carbohydrate metabolism, blood pressure, and weight improved on both plans. Mean differences (+/- standard deviation) between baseline and follow-up for the CCNW plan and the usual-care plan, respectively, were total cholesterol, -0.41 +/- 0.64 and -0.20 +/- 0.50 mmol/L (between-group P < .01); plasma glucose, -0.7 +/- 1.7 and -0.3 +/- 1.3 mmol/L (P < .05); systolic blood pressure, -5.2 +/- 10.0 and -4.7 +/- 9.0 mm Hg (P = .67), diastolic blood pressure, -3.8 +/- 5.9 and -2.2 +/- 5.5 mm Hg (P < .05); and homocysteine, -1.3 +/- 3.8 and 0.2 +/- 3.4 mumol/L (P < .01). The CCNW plan led to greater weight loss than the usual-care diet (-5.5 +/- 3.8 kg vs -3.0 +/- 3.2 kg, P < .0001).

APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSION

The nutritionally complete CCNW plan offers greater improvements in lipids, blood sugars, homocysteine, and weight loss than usual-care diet therapy. This prepackaged comprehensive nutrition program can augment both the prescription and practice of optimal dietary therapy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10491676

Citation

Haynes, R B., et al. "Nutritionally Complete Prepared Meal Plan to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors: a Randomized Clinical Trial." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 99, no. 9, 1999, pp. 1077-83.
Haynes RB, Kris-Etherton P, McCarron DA, et al. Nutritionally complete prepared meal plan to reduce cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized clinical trial. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99(9):1077-83.
Haynes, R. B., Kris-Etherton, P., McCarron, D. A., Oparil, S., Chait, A., Resnick, L. M., ... Stern, J. S. (1999). Nutritionally complete prepared meal plan to reduce cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99(9), pp. 1077-83.
Haynes RB, et al. Nutritionally Complete Prepared Meal Plan to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk Factors: a Randomized Clinical Trial. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99(9):1077-83. PubMed PMID: 10491676.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritionally complete prepared meal plan to reduce cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized clinical trial. AU - Haynes,R B, AU - Kris-Etherton,P, AU - McCarron,D A, AU - Oparil,S, AU - Chait,A, AU - Resnick,L M, AU - Morris,C D, AU - Clark,S, AU - Hatton,D C, AU - Metz,J A, AU - McMahon,M, AU - Holcomb,S, AU - Snyder,G W, AU - Pi-Sunyer,F X, AU - Stern,J S, PY - 1999/9/24/pubmed PY - 1999/9/24/medline PY - 1999/9/24/entrez SP - 1077 EP - 83 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 99 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare a nutritionally complete prepared meal plan that meets national dietary guidelines to usual-care dietary therapy for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glycemic control. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Outpatients with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes mellitus (n = 251) were recruited at 6 medical centers in the United States and Canada. INTERVENTION: The prepared meal plan, which was developed by university-based nutrition and cardiovascular scientists and food technologists at Campbell's Center for Nutrition & Wellness (CCNW), provided the optimal levels of macronutrients and micronutrients recommended for cardiovascular risk reduction in a variety of prepackaged meals and snacks. After a 4-week pretrial period to assess baseline state, participants were randomized to the CCNW plan or "usual-care" diet for 10 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Blood pressure, carbohydrate metabolism, lipoproteins, homocysteine, weight, nutrient intake, compliance. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: Lipoproteins, carbohydrate metabolism, blood pressure, and weight improved on both plans. Mean differences (+/- standard deviation) between baseline and follow-up for the CCNW plan and the usual-care plan, respectively, were total cholesterol, -0.41 +/- 0.64 and -0.20 +/- 0.50 mmol/L (between-group P < .01); plasma glucose, -0.7 +/- 1.7 and -0.3 +/- 1.3 mmol/L (P < .05); systolic blood pressure, -5.2 +/- 10.0 and -4.7 +/- 9.0 mm Hg (P = .67), diastolic blood pressure, -3.8 +/- 5.9 and -2.2 +/- 5.5 mm Hg (P < .05); and homocysteine, -1.3 +/- 3.8 and 0.2 +/- 3.4 mumol/L (P < .01). The CCNW plan led to greater weight loss than the usual-care diet (-5.5 +/- 3.8 kg vs -3.0 +/- 3.2 kg, P < .0001). APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSION: The nutritionally complete CCNW plan offers greater improvements in lipids, blood sugars, homocysteine, and weight loss than usual-care diet therapy. This prepackaged comprehensive nutrition program can augment both the prescription and practice of optimal dietary therapy. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10491676/Nutritionally_complete_prepared_meal_plan_to_reduce_cardiovascular_risk_factors:_a_randomized_clinical_trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(99)00257-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -