Patterns of medical practice in cystic fibrosis: part II. Use of therapies. Investigators and Coordinators of the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis.Pediatr Pulmonol 1999; 28(4):248-54PP
This report describes the prescribing pattern of therapeutic interventions in the management of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), as observed in the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis (ESCF). Use of 20 therapies by 12,622 patients was recorded from each health care encounter (53,024 outpatient visits and 8,561 hospitalizations) during a 1-year period (1995), and analyzed by gender, age, severity of lung disease, and presence of any Pseudomonas species in the respiratory tract. The percentage of patients using the following pulmonary therapies was observed (in descending order): airway clearance techniques (88.2%); inhaled bronchodilators (82.2%); oral antibiotics (excluding quinolones) (68. 2%); dornase alfa (52.9%); intravenous antibiotics (34.4%); oral quinolones (34.4%); inhaled antibiotics (34.3%); mast cell stabilizers (29.5%); inhaled corticosteroids (25.9%); oral corticosteroids (17.1%); oral bronchodilators (16.2%); oxygen (8. 1%); inhaled mucolytic agent acetyl cysteine (6.5%); and diuretics (1.4%). The percentage of patients using nutritional therapies was: pancreatic enzymes (96%); oral nutritional supplements (31.1%); enteral nutrition (7.3%); and parenteral nutrition (0.7%). The percentage of patients using other therapies was: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (7.9%); and insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents (6.1%). The general trend was for therapies to be used more by older patients, those with lower pulmonary function, and by those with Pseudomonas in their respiratory tract. Exceptions to this trend occurred for airway clearance, oral antibiotics, mast cell stabilizers, and pancreatic enzymes. Four therapies (oral nutritional supplements, parenteral nutrition, diuretics, and pancreatic enzymes) were used more by males than females. However, there was no gender difference for this group of therapies on pulmonary or nutritional status.