Acute management of migraine: triptans and beyond.Curr Opin Neurol 1999; 12(3):261-7CO
Migraine is a paroxysmal disorder characterized by attacks of headache, nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia, and malaise. This review summarizes new treatment options for the therapy of acute attacks. Sumatriptan was the first specific serotonin-1B/D agonist for the treatment of acute migraine attacks. Apart from the oral and subcutaneous formulation, it is also available as nasal spray and suppository. The other new migraine drugs zolmitriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan and eletriptan differ in their pharmacological profiles, which translates into minor differences in efficacy, headache recurrence and side-effects. Importantly, in clinical practice individual patients may show a preference for one treatment over another. New drugs in migraine treatment include substance-P antagonists, nitric oxide synthetase inhibitors and calcitonin gene-related peptide antagonists.