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Determinants of enlisted air traffic controller success.
Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999 Sep; 70(9):910-8.AS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This paper provides a brief historical overview of air traffic controller (ATC) selection, reviews current U.S. Air Force (USAF) selection procedures for enlisted ATC trainees, and summarizes the results of three recent studies.

METHOD

Study 1 examined the validity of the operational selection test (i.e., Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery or ASVAB) against apprentice-level training performance. Study 2 evaluated the impact of alternative selection procedures on training attrition and eligibility for training. Study 3 reviewed the results of a survey of enlisted ATCs designed to identify the personnel characteristics and organizational factors that influence training and job performance.

DISCUSSION

The current selection composite demonstrated acceptable validity for predicting apprentice-level training performance. Alternative cut-score analyses revealed that raising the minimum qualifying score in order to reduce attrition by 5% would lead to an unacceptable 20% reduction in the number of eligible ATC candidates. Using a different ASVAB composite for selection would have less overall impact on the qualification rate, but would disproportionally disqualify women. Results of a survey of enlisted ATCs indicated they were generally satisfied and motivated. In addition, they identified several abilities required for on-the-job performance that are not measured by current USAF selection methods. These included memorization and retention of new information, spatial orientation/visualization, ability to work well in stressful environments, ability to shift between two or more sources of information, and ability to combine and organize information. Implications for ATC selection and training as well as future research directions are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433, USA. thomas.carretta@he.wpafb.af.milNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10503758

Citation

Carretta, T R., and F M. Siem. "Determinants of Enlisted Air Traffic Controller Success." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 70, no. 9, 1999, pp. 910-8.
Carretta TR, Siem FM. Determinants of enlisted air traffic controller success. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999;70(9):910-8.
Carretta, T. R., & Siem, F. M. (1999). Determinants of enlisted air traffic controller success. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 70(9), 910-8.
Carretta TR, Siem FM. Determinants of Enlisted Air Traffic Controller Success. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999;70(9):910-8. PubMed PMID: 10503758.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Determinants of enlisted air traffic controller success. AU - Carretta,T R, AU - Siem,F M, PY - 1999/9/30/pubmed PY - 1999/9/30/medline PY - 1999/9/30/entrez SP - 910 EP - 8 JF - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JO - Aviat Space Environ Med VL - 70 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: This paper provides a brief historical overview of air traffic controller (ATC) selection, reviews current U.S. Air Force (USAF) selection procedures for enlisted ATC trainees, and summarizes the results of three recent studies. METHOD: Study 1 examined the validity of the operational selection test (i.e., Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery or ASVAB) against apprentice-level training performance. Study 2 evaluated the impact of alternative selection procedures on training attrition and eligibility for training. Study 3 reviewed the results of a survey of enlisted ATCs designed to identify the personnel characteristics and organizational factors that influence training and job performance. DISCUSSION: The current selection composite demonstrated acceptable validity for predicting apprentice-level training performance. Alternative cut-score analyses revealed that raising the minimum qualifying score in order to reduce attrition by 5% would lead to an unacceptable 20% reduction in the number of eligible ATC candidates. Using a different ASVAB composite for selection would have less overall impact on the qualification rate, but would disproportionally disqualify women. Results of a survey of enlisted ATCs indicated they were generally satisfied and motivated. In addition, they identified several abilities required for on-the-job performance that are not measured by current USAF selection methods. These included memorization and retention of new information, spatial orientation/visualization, ability to work well in stressful environments, ability to shift between two or more sources of information, and ability to combine and organize information. Implications for ATC selection and training as well as future research directions are discussed. SN - 0095-6562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10503758/Determinants_of_enlisted_air_traffic_controller_success_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/veteransandmilitaryhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -