Heidelberg retina tomography and optical coherence tomography in normal, ocular-hypertensive, and glaucomatous eyes.Ophthalmology 1999; 106(10):2027-32O
To evaluate optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) appearance in normal, ocular-hypertensive, and glaucomatous eyes undergoing confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Prospective, cross-sectional study.
Seventy-eight eyes of 78 consecutive normal (n = 17), ocular-hypertensive (n = 23), and glaucomatous subjects (n = 38) were enrolled.
Each patient underwent complete ophthalmic examination, achromatic automated perimetry, confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (Heidelberg Retinal Tomography [HRT]), and OCT. Topographic HRT parameters (disc area, cup-disc ratio, rim area, rim volume, cup shape measure, mean RNFL thickness, and cross-sectional area) and mean OCT-generated RNFL thickness were evaluated in each group.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
OCT and HRT assessment of optic disc and RNFL anatomy.
OCT RNFL thickness showed no difference between normal and ocular-hypertensive eyes (P = 0.15) but was significantly less in glaucomatous eyes (P < 0.001). HRT measurements of rim area, cup-disc ratio, cup shape measure, RNFL thickness, and RNFL cross-sectional area were significantly less in glaucomatous eyes (all P < 0.005) and were correlated with mean OCT RNFL thickness (all P < 0.02). RNFL thickness using OCT or HRT was highly correlated with visual field mean defect during achromatic perimetry (P < 0.0001).
Both HRT and OCT can differentiate glaucomatous from nonglaucomatous eyes. RNFL thickness measurements using OCT correspond to disc topographic parameters using HRT.