Gastric cyto-secretory correlations in peptic ulcer.Hepatogastroenterology. 1999 Jul-Aug; 46(28):2710-2.H
Maximal acid output, parietal cell mass, serum pepsinogen A (PGA) and total peptic activity (TPA) in gastric juice were studied and compared in duodenal ulcer and in different gastric ulcer sites.
152 peptic ulcer patients were studied. 64 cases of gastric ulcer (GU) were subdivided according to Johnsons's classification and compared with 88 duodenal ulcer (DU) patients diagnosed for the first time. 40 normal subjects were studied as controls.
Duodenal ulcer is characterized by normo-hyperparietalism, normo-hyperchloridria and an increase in peptic activity. In cases of GU, such correlation is not only conditioned by the topographic seat of the ulcer, but by the histological condition of the gastric mucosa too. Body GU is characterized by hypoparietalism, hypochloridria, hyper-PGA and hyper-TPA. Pre-pyloric GU is characterized by normo-hyperparietalism, normo-hyperchloridria, hyper-PGA and hyper-TPA. In GU the cyto-secretory behavior is characterized by the histology of the body mucosa with prevalence of preatrophic-atrophic gastritis in case of body GU and prevalence of superficial gastritis in case of GU type II and III.
The results confirm the anatomic-functional analogy between DU and type II and III GU. If considered from the functional point of view, these conditions differ considerably from those that are characteristic of type I GU (as they closely follow the chronic gastritis pattern).