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Baseline fruit and vegetable intake among adults in seven 5 a day study centers located in diverse geographic areas.
J Am Diet Assoc. 1999 Oct; 99(10):1241-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine baseline rates of fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in the 5 A Day research trials in order to identify any regional and sociodemographic differences associated with daily servings.

DESIGN

The main outcome measure was the frequency of fruits and vegetables consumed within 1 month of the baseline survey as assessed by a 7-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ).

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Participants (N = 15,060) were from 7 study centers. Study centers included schools (N = 48), worksites (N = 60), churches (N = 50), or the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics (N = 15) in interventions to increase fruit and vegetable consumption.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Means and standard errors, adjusting for clusters, were calculated. A mixed linear model analyzed relationships between fruit and vegetable consumption and regional center, gender, age, race, education, income, marital status, food-shopping responsibility, and whether one lives with children.

RESULTS

Results indicate an overall mean intake of 3.6 daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Significant differences in mean daily servings were found among the regional study centers (low of 3.0 to high of 4.1). There were significant differences in mean daily consumption by age (< 30 years = 3.7 servings per day; 30 to 49 years = 3.4; > or = 50 years = 3.7), education (> high school = 3.4 servings per day; high school graduate = 3.4; some college = 3.5; college graduate = 3.9), race (black = 3.7 servings per day; Hispanic = 3.0; white = 3.6; other = 3.7), marital status (married = 3.6 servings per day; single = 3.5), and food-shopping responsibilities (little = 3.2 servings per day; about half = 3.6; most = 3.8). Only 17% of respondents ate 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

CONCLUSIONS

The 7 regions showed significant variability in daily fruit and vegetable consumption, suggesting that a single national message to increase fruit and vegetable consumption may not reach the population segments most in need of changing. It is advisable to spend more time understanding the food consumption habits of the population under investigation to develop messages to foster behavior change.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10524389

Citation

Thompson, B, et al. "Baseline Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Adults in Seven 5 a Day Study Centers Located in Diverse Geographic Areas." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 99, no. 10, 1999, pp. 1241-8.
Thompson B, Demark-Wahnefried W, Taylor G, et al. Baseline fruit and vegetable intake among adults in seven 5 a day study centers located in diverse geographic areas. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99(10):1241-8.
Thompson, B., Demark-Wahnefried, W., Taylor, G., McClelland, J. W., Stables, G., Havas, S., Feng, Z., Topor, M., Heimendinger, J., Reynolds, K. D., & Cohen, N. (1999). Baseline fruit and vegetable intake among adults in seven 5 a day study centers located in diverse geographic areas. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99(10), 1241-8.
Thompson B, et al. Baseline Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Adults in Seven 5 a Day Study Centers Located in Diverse Geographic Areas. J Am Diet Assoc. 1999;99(10):1241-8. PubMed PMID: 10524389.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Baseline fruit and vegetable intake among adults in seven 5 a day study centers located in diverse geographic areas. AU - Thompson,B, AU - Demark-Wahnefried,W, AU - Taylor,G, AU - McClelland,J W, AU - Stables,G, AU - Havas,S, AU - Feng,Z, AU - Topor,M, AU - Heimendinger,J, AU - Reynolds,K D, AU - Cohen,N, PY - 1999/10/19/pubmed PY - 1999/10/19/medline PY - 1999/10/19/entrez SP - 1241 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 99 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine baseline rates of fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in the 5 A Day research trials in order to identify any regional and sociodemographic differences associated with daily servings. DESIGN: The main outcome measure was the frequency of fruits and vegetables consumed within 1 month of the baseline survey as assessed by a 7-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). SUBJECTS/SETTING: Participants (N = 15,060) were from 7 study centers. Study centers included schools (N = 48), worksites (N = 60), churches (N = 50), or the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics (N = 15) in interventions to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Means and standard errors, adjusting for clusters, were calculated. A mixed linear model analyzed relationships between fruit and vegetable consumption and regional center, gender, age, race, education, income, marital status, food-shopping responsibility, and whether one lives with children. RESULTS: Results indicate an overall mean intake of 3.6 daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Significant differences in mean daily servings were found among the regional study centers (low of 3.0 to high of 4.1). There were significant differences in mean daily consumption by age (< 30 years = 3.7 servings per day; 30 to 49 years = 3.4; > or = 50 years = 3.7), education (> high school = 3.4 servings per day; high school graduate = 3.4; some college = 3.5; college graduate = 3.9), race (black = 3.7 servings per day; Hispanic = 3.0; white = 3.6; other = 3.7), marital status (married = 3.6 servings per day; single = 3.5), and food-shopping responsibilities (little = 3.2 servings per day; about half = 3.6; most = 3.8). Only 17% of respondents ate 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day. CONCLUSIONS: The 7 regions showed significant variability in daily fruit and vegetable consumption, suggesting that a single national message to increase fruit and vegetable consumption may not reach the population segments most in need of changing. It is advisable to spend more time understanding the food consumption habits of the population under investigation to develop messages to foster behavior change. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10524389/Baseline_fruit_and_vegetable_intake_among_adults_in_seven_5_a_day_study_centers_located_in_diverse_geographic_areas_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(99)00306-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -