Formation of oxygen radicals in solutions of 7,8-dihydroneopterin.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Oct 14; 264(1):262-7.BB
Neopterin and 7,8-dihydroneopterin, two compounds which are secreted by activated macrophages, have been shown to interfere with radicals generated by cellular and certain chemical systems. Reduced pterins were reported to scavenge whereas aromatic pterins promoted or reduced radical mediated reactions or had no effect. However, recently it was found that high concentrations of 7, 8-dihydroneopterin enhanced luminol dependent chemiluminescence and T-cell apoptosis, suggesting an enhancement of free radical formation. In this study hydroxylation of salicylic acid was used for detection of hydroxyl radicals. It is shown that in solutions of 7,8-dihydroneopterin hydroxyl radicals were formed in the absence of any radical source. The presence of EDTA chelated iron enhanced hydroxyl radical formation. Whereas the addition of iron accelerated the hydroxylation reaction, 7,8-dihydroneopterin was responsible for the amount of hydroxylation products. In the presence of superoxide dismutase or catalase, as well as by helium purging, hydroxylation was inhibited. Our data suggest that in solutions of 7, 8-dihydroneopterin superoxide radicals are generated which are converted to hydroxyl radicals by Fenton or Haber-Weiss type reactions. While superoxide might be generated during autoxidation of ferrous iron, dihydroneopterin seems to be involved in regeneration of ferrous iron from the ferric form.