[Recent advances in Parkinson disease].Rev Neurol. 1999 Jul 16-31; 29(2):139-45.RN
To evaluate the latest advances in the diagnosis and symptomatic pharmacological treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease at different stages.
In this article we summarize the criteria for clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease based on recent clinico-pathological studies. We evaluate the different therapeutic options at early and late stages of the illness in view of the results of recent, controlled, double-blind studies in which the efficacy of new dopaminergic agonists (carbergolin, pramipexol and ropinirol) and catechol-O-methyl-transferase enzyme inhibitors (COMT; entacapone and tolcapone) are compared with placebo and with established treatments (e.g. levodopa and bromocryptin).
Levodopa is still the most important advance yet made in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, but new dopaminergic agonists and COMT inhibitors are useful additions to the possibilities available for the treatment of early and late stages of the illness and may be included in modern guidelines for treatment.