Congenital short-bowel; a case study and review of the literature.Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1999 Aug; 9(4):248-50.EJ
A congenital short bowel (CSB) is a rare entity in pediatric surgery. We present the case of a newborn boy with a total small intestinal length of 47 cm, malrotation and gastroesophageal reflux, who is 19 months old at the time of this report. Main treatment steps were Ladd's procedure, a fundoplication and long-term parenteral nutrition. We suggest that missing physiological herniation of the gut into the coelomic cavity may impair normal intestinal growth and rotation and lead to congenital short bowel. Review of all cases reported in the literature shows a considerable mortality of 88%. The limiting factor seems to be reduced motility of the short small bowel causing functional obstruction and liver failure.