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Physician counseling about exercise.
JAMA. 1999 Oct 27; 282(16):1583-8.JAMA

Abstract

CONTEXT

The increase in sedentary lifestyle may contribute to the rise in obesity nationally. Although guidelines suggest that physicians counsel all patients about exercise, physicians counsel only a minority of their patients. Whether patient factors influence physician counseling is not well established.

OBJECTIVES

To examine and to identify factors associated with exercise counseling by US physicians.

DESIGN AND SETTING

National population-based supplemental (Year 2000) survey to the 1995 National Health Interview Survey.

PARTICIPANTS

Of the 17317 respondents to the Year 2000 supplemental survey, 9711 adults had seen a physician in the previous year, and 9299 responded when asked about physician counseling on exercise.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Physician counseling to begin or to continue to exercise.

RESULTS

Of 9299 respondents, 34% reported being counseled about exercise at their last visit. After adjustment for other sociodemographic and clinical factors, women were slightly more likely to be counseled, with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.29). Physicians counseled older patients (>30 years) more often than younger patients; those aged 40 to 49 years were counseled most often (AOR, 1.71 [95% CI, 1.34-2.20]). Patients with incomes above $50000, those with higher levels of physical activity, college graduates, and patients who were overweight to obese (body mass index: 25 to > or =30 kg/m2) were more likely to be counseled, as were patients with cardiac disease (AOR, 1.81 [95% CI, 1.52-2.14]) and diabetes (AOR, 1.87 [95% CI, 1.46-2.38]). Counseling did not vary by physician specialty or patient race.

CONCLUSION

The rate of physician counseling about exercise is low nationally. Physicians appear to counsel as secondary prevention and are less likely to counsel patients at risk for obesity. The failure to counsel younger, disease-free adults and those from lower socioeconomic groups may represent important missed opportunities for primary prevention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02215, USA. cweekuo@caregroup.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10546701

Citation

Wee, C C., et al. "Physician Counseling About Exercise." JAMA, vol. 282, no. 16, 1999, pp. 1583-8.
Wee CC, McCarthy EP, Davis RB, et al. Physician counseling about exercise. JAMA. 1999;282(16):1583-8.
Wee, C. C., McCarthy, E. P., Davis, R. B., & Phillips, R. S. (1999). Physician counseling about exercise. JAMA, 282(16), 1583-8.
Wee CC, et al. Physician Counseling About Exercise. JAMA. 1999 Oct 27;282(16):1583-8. PubMed PMID: 10546701.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physician counseling about exercise. AU - Wee,C C, AU - McCarthy,E P, AU - Davis,R B, AU - Phillips,R S, PY - 1999/11/5/pubmed PY - 2001/8/14/medline PY - 1999/11/5/entrez SP - 1583 EP - 8 JF - JAMA JO - JAMA VL - 282 IS - 16 N2 - CONTEXT: The increase in sedentary lifestyle may contribute to the rise in obesity nationally. Although guidelines suggest that physicians counsel all patients about exercise, physicians counsel only a minority of their patients. Whether patient factors influence physician counseling is not well established. OBJECTIVES: To examine and to identify factors associated with exercise counseling by US physicians. DESIGN AND SETTING: National population-based supplemental (Year 2000) survey to the 1995 National Health Interview Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Of the 17317 respondents to the Year 2000 supplemental survey, 9711 adults had seen a physician in the previous year, and 9299 responded when asked about physician counseling on exercise. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Physician counseling to begin or to continue to exercise. RESULTS: Of 9299 respondents, 34% reported being counseled about exercise at their last visit. After adjustment for other sociodemographic and clinical factors, women were slightly more likely to be counseled, with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.29). Physicians counseled older patients (>30 years) more often than younger patients; those aged 40 to 49 years were counseled most often (AOR, 1.71 [95% CI, 1.34-2.20]). Patients with incomes above $50000, those with higher levels of physical activity, college graduates, and patients who were overweight to obese (body mass index: 25 to > or =30 kg/m2) were more likely to be counseled, as were patients with cardiac disease (AOR, 1.81 [95% CI, 1.52-2.14]) and diabetes (AOR, 1.87 [95% CI, 1.46-2.38]). Counseling did not vary by physician specialty or patient race. CONCLUSION: The rate of physician counseling about exercise is low nationally. Physicians appear to counsel as secondary prevention and are less likely to counsel patients at risk for obesity. The failure to counsel younger, disease-free adults and those from lower socioeconomic groups may represent important missed opportunities for primary prevention. SN - 0098-7484 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10546701/Physician_counseling_about_exercise_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/vol/282/pg/1583 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -