Identification of human cytochrome P450 isoforms involved in the metabolism of S-2-[4-(3-methyl-2-thienyl)phenyl]propionic acid.Xenobiotica 1999; 29(9):899-907X
1. To identify the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes responsible for the major metabolic pathways of S-2-[4-(3-methyl-2-thienyl)phenyl] propionic acid (S-MTPPA) in man, the metabolism of S-MTPPA was examined using human liver microsomes and microsomes containing cDNA-expressed CYP isozymes (CYP1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C9-Arg, 2C9-Cys, 2C19, 2D6-Val, 2E1 and 3A4). 2. S-MTPPA was mainly oxidized to the 5-hydroxylated metabolite of the thiophene ring (MA6) with human liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH. The formation of MA6 was inhibited by SKF 525-A, suggesting that CYP plays role in the formation of MA6. 3. Eadie-Hofstee plots for the 5-hydroxylation of S-MTPPA in the range 5-100 microM were linear for all samples studied, suggesting that the formation of MA6 by human liver microsomes follows simple Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Apparent Vmax = 1.42+/-0.64 nmol/min/mg protein; Km = 12+/-5 microM. 4. Among the CYP inhibitors examined (alpha-naphthoflavone, sulphaphenazole, omeprazole, quinidine and troleandomycin), sulphaphenazole (a CYP2C9 inhibitor) showed the most potent inhibitory effect on the 5-hydroxylation of S-MTPPA by human liver microsomes. 5. When incubated with microsomes containing cDNA-expressed CYP isozymes, S-MTPPA was substantially oxidized to MA6 only by CYP2C9. 6. These results suggest that formation of the major metabolite of S-MTPPA, MA6, in human liver microsomes is catalysed predominantly by a single CYP isoenzyme, namely CYP2C9.