Analysis of methanol or formic acid in body fluids by headspace solid-phase microextraction and capillary gas chromatography.J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1999 Oct 29; 734(1):155-62.JC
Methanol and its metabolite formic acid have been found extractable from human whole blood and urine by headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) with a Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber. The headspace SPME for formic acid was carried out after derivatization to methyl formate under acidic conditions. The determinations of both compounds were made by using acetonitrile as internal standard (IS) and capillary gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detection. The headspace SPME-GC gave sharp peaks for methanol, methyl formate and I.S.; and low background noises for whole blood and urine samples. Extraction efficiencies were 0.25-1.05% of methanol and 0.38-0.84% formic acid for whole blood and urine. The calibration curves for methanol and formic acid showed excellent linearity in the range of 1.56 to 800 and 1.56 to 500 microg/0.5 ml of whole blood or urine, respectively. The detection limits were 0.1-0.5 microg/0.5 ml for methanol and 0.6 microg/0.5 ml for formic acid for both body fluids. The within-day relative standard deviations in terms of extraction efficiency for both compounds in whole blood and urine samples were not greater than 9.8%. By using the established SPME method, methanol and formic acid were successfully separated and determined in rat blood after oral administration of methanol.