Foveal retinoschisis and retinal detachment in severely myopic eyes with posterior staphyloma.Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Oct; 128(4):472-6.AJ
To evaluate the tomographic features of the retina in patients with severe myopia and posterior staphyloma.
In a prospective study of 32 eyes of 19 consecutive patients with severe myopia and posterior staphyloma, we performed complete ophthalmic examinations and studied cross-sectional images of the macula with optical coherence tomography. Patients' age ranged from 41 to 83 years (average, 62.7 years). Best-corrected visual acuity ranged from 20/500 to 20/40 (average, 20/120). The study included 26 phakic and six pseudophakic eyes. The refractive errors of 26 phakic eyes ranged from -8 to -31 diopters (average, -16.7 diopters). Although refractive errors were within -8 diopters in six pseudophakic eyes, the eyes had apparent posterior staphyloma. The axial lengths measured by A-mode ultrasonography ranged from 25.7 to 32.7 mm (average, 29.2 mm). Slit-lamp examination with contact lens showed that none of the eyes had a macular hole.
In nine eyes with shallow retinal elevation on slit-lamp examination, optical coherence tomography disclosed a foveal retinal detachment with retinoschisis in eight eyes and a foveal retinal detachment in one eye. Two of the remaining 23 eyes had retinoschisis.
Foveal retinal detachment and retinoschisis are common features in severely myopic eyes with posterior staphyloma. Retinal detachment may precede the formation of a macular hole in severely myopic eyes.