Cipangopaludina chinensis malleata (Gastropoda: Viviparidae): a new second molluscan intermediate host of a human intestinal fluke Echinostoma cinetorchis (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) in Korea.J Parasitol. 1999 Oct; 85(5):963-4.JP
Two species of the viviparid snails have been reported in Korea, e.g., Cipangopaludina chinensis malleata and Cipangopaludina japonica. Cipangopaludina chinensis malleata collected at 3 of 12 localities were found to be infected with metacercariae of Echinostoma cinetorchis, one of the snail-borne human intestinal trematodes in Korea. Metacercariae from these snails were fed to rats (S/D strain), and adult worms of E. cinetorchis, characterized by 37-38 collar spines on the head crown, were recovered from the ileocecal regions. However, no C. japonica collected from 2 localities harbored the metacercariae. In experiments with laboratory-bred viviparid snails, all viviparids were not susceptible to miracidia of E. cinetorchis. To confirm the identity of second intermediate hosts of E. cinetorchis experimentally, 2 species of viviparid snails were exposed to the cercariae from Segmentina hemisphaerula that had been infected with miracidia of E. cinetorchis. Both species of snails were susceptible to cercariae of E. cinetorchis. This is the first report of Cipangopaludina spp. serving as the second intermediate host of E. cinetorchis and as a potential source of human infection.