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Passive smoking and nonrecurrent acute otitis media in children.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Dec; 121(6):805-8.OH

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

It remains uncertain whether passive smoking is a risk factor (RF) for nonrecurrent acute otitis media (AOM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether exposure to second-hand smoke at home increased the prevalence of an isolated single episode of nonrecurrent AOM in children.

METHODS AND MATERIAL

We performed a cross-sectional study with 192 children younger than 3 years who were seen at a general pediatric clinic. A questionnaire was used to quantify the exposure to cigarette smoke at home and to assess other RFs for AOM. The diagnosis of AOM was made by pediatricians using otoscopy. The results of the associations were reported by prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Multiple logistic regression was used to investigate the role of confounding variables among other potential RFs and passive smoking.

RESULTS

The prevalence ratio of an isolated single episode of nonrecurrent AOM between patients exposed and those not exposed to passive smoking was 0.82 (0.67 to 1.02). In logistic regression, any RF changed the main association significantly.

CONCLUSION

Exposure to passive smoking did not change the prevalence of an isolated single episode of nonrecurrent AOM in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmo-Otorhinolaryngology, Federal Foundation of Medical Sciences at Porto Alegre, Hospital da Criança Santo Antônio (Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa de Porto Alegre), Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10580242

Citation

Lubianca Neto, J F., et al. "Passive Smoking and Nonrecurrent Acute Otitis Media in Children." Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 121, no. 6, 1999, pp. 805-8.
Lubianca Neto JF, Burns AG, Lu L, et al. Passive smoking and nonrecurrent acute otitis media in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;121(6):805-8.
Lubianca Neto, J. F., Burns, A. G., Lu, L., Mombach, R., & Saffer, M. (1999). Passive smoking and nonrecurrent acute otitis media in children. Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 121(6), 805-8.
Lubianca Neto JF, et al. Passive Smoking and Nonrecurrent Acute Otitis Media in Children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;121(6):805-8. PubMed PMID: 10580242.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Passive smoking and nonrecurrent acute otitis media in children. AU - Lubianca Neto,J F, AU - Burns,A G, AU - Lu,L, AU - Mombach,R, AU - Saffer,M, PY - 1999/12/2/pubmed PY - 1999/12/2/medline PY - 1999/12/2/entrez SP - 805 EP - 8 JF - Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery JO - Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg VL - 121 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION: It remains uncertain whether passive smoking is a risk factor (RF) for nonrecurrent acute otitis media (AOM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether exposure to second-hand smoke at home increased the prevalence of an isolated single episode of nonrecurrent AOM in children. METHODS AND MATERIAL: We performed a cross-sectional study with 192 children younger than 3 years who were seen at a general pediatric clinic. A questionnaire was used to quantify the exposure to cigarette smoke at home and to assess other RFs for AOM. The diagnosis of AOM was made by pediatricians using otoscopy. The results of the associations were reported by prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Multiple logistic regression was used to investigate the role of confounding variables among other potential RFs and passive smoking. RESULTS: The prevalence ratio of an isolated single episode of nonrecurrent AOM between patients exposed and those not exposed to passive smoking was 0.82 (0.67 to 1.02). In logistic regression, any RF changed the main association significantly. CONCLUSION: Exposure to passive smoking did not change the prevalence of an isolated single episode of nonrecurrent AOM in children. SN - 0194-5998 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10580242/Passive_smoking_and_nonrecurrent_acute_otitis_media_in_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0194599899005343 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -