Viral supraglottitis in an adult: a case presentation and literature update.J Infect. 1999 Sep; 39(2):157-60.JI
Viral epiglottitis (supraglottitis) is a rare entity but its presentation can mimic that of bacterial epiglottis. Regardless of the causative agent, supraglottitis is a serious disease mostly affecting children and rarely seen in adults. Early suspicion and proper evaluation are mandatory to prevent a life-threatening crisis. In both children and adults the infectious aetiology in supraglottitis is predominantly bacterial while viruses are rare, especially in adults. We describe a case of supraglottitis in an adult in which the symptoms were insidious and blood indices suggested a bacterial aetiology. However, laryngoscopic examination revealed an ulcer over the left aryepiglottic fold and serology was positive for Herpes simplex virus (HSV) IgM. Because supraglottitis due to HSV is a rare entity with few reported cases in the literature, this case is presented to highlight the viral involvement in this disease and its management.