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Hawaii's healthy start program of home visiting for at-risk families: evaluation of family identification, family engagement, and service delivery.
Pediatrics. 2000 Jan; 105(1 Pt 3):250-9.Ped

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe family identification, family engagement, and service delivery in a statewide home visiting program for at-risk families of newborns.

SETTING

Six target communities of Hawaii's Healthy Start Program (HSP), which incorporates 1) early identification of at-risk families of newborns via population-based screening and assessment, and 2) paraprofessional home visiting to improve family functioning, promote child health and development, and prevent child maltreatment.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study: describes early identification process and family characteristics associated with initial enrollment. Longitudinal study: describes home visiting process and characteristics associated with continued participation.

SUBJECTS

Cross-sectional study: civilian births in 6 communities (n = 6553). Longitudinal study: at-risk families in the intervention group of a randomized trial of the HSP (n = 373).

PROCESS

completeness and timeliness of early identification and home visiting activities; family characteristics: sociodemographics, child abuse risk factors, infant biologic risk.

RESULTS

Early identification staff determined risk status for 84% of target families. Families with higher risk scores, young mothers with limited schooling, and families with infants at biologic risk were more likely to enroll in home visiting. Half of those who enrolled were active at 1 year with an average of 22 visits. Families where the father had multiple risk factors and where the mother was substance abusing were more likely to have >/=12 visits; mothers who were unilaterally violent toward the father were less likely. Most families were linked with a medical home; linkage rates for other community resources varied widely by type of service. Half of families overall, but >/=80% of those active at 1 year, received core home visiting services. Performance varied by program site.

CONCLUSIONS

It is challenging to engage and retain at-risk families in home visiting. Service monitoring must be an integral part of operations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. aduggan@jhu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10617732

Citation

Duggan, A, et al. "Hawaii's Healthy Start Program of Home Visiting for At-risk Families: Evaluation of Family Identification, Family Engagement, and Service Delivery." Pediatrics, vol. 105, no. 1 Pt 3, 2000, pp. 250-9.
Duggan A, Windham A, McFarlane E, et al. Hawaii's healthy start program of home visiting for at-risk families: evaluation of family identification, family engagement, and service delivery. Pediatrics. 2000;105(1 Pt 3):250-9.
Duggan, A., Windham, A., McFarlane, E., Fuddy, L., Rohde, C., Buchbinder, S., & Sia, C. (2000). Hawaii's healthy start program of home visiting for at-risk families: evaluation of family identification, family engagement, and service delivery. Pediatrics, 105(1 Pt 3), 250-9.
Duggan A, et al. Hawaii's Healthy Start Program of Home Visiting for At-risk Families: Evaluation of Family Identification, Family Engagement, and Service Delivery. Pediatrics. 2000;105(1 Pt 3):250-9. PubMed PMID: 10617732.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hawaii's healthy start program of home visiting for at-risk families: evaluation of family identification, family engagement, and service delivery. AU - Duggan,A, AU - Windham,A, AU - McFarlane,E, AU - Fuddy,L, AU - Rohde,C, AU - Buchbinder,S, AU - Sia,C, PY - 2000/1/5/pubmed PY - 2000/1/5/medline PY - 2000/1/5/entrez SP - 250 EP - 9 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 105 IS - 1 Pt 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe family identification, family engagement, and service delivery in a statewide home visiting program for at-risk families of newborns. SETTING: Six target communities of Hawaii's Healthy Start Program (HSP), which incorporates 1) early identification of at-risk families of newborns via population-based screening and assessment, and 2) paraprofessional home visiting to improve family functioning, promote child health and development, and prevent child maltreatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study: describes early identification process and family characteristics associated with initial enrollment. Longitudinal study: describes home visiting process and characteristics associated with continued participation. SUBJECTS: Cross-sectional study: civilian births in 6 communities (n = 6553). Longitudinal study: at-risk families in the intervention group of a randomized trial of the HSP (n = 373). PROCESS: completeness and timeliness of early identification and home visiting activities; family characteristics: sociodemographics, child abuse risk factors, infant biologic risk. RESULTS: Early identification staff determined risk status for 84% of target families. Families with higher risk scores, young mothers with limited schooling, and families with infants at biologic risk were more likely to enroll in home visiting. Half of those who enrolled were active at 1 year with an average of 22 visits. Families where the father had multiple risk factors and where the mother was substance abusing were more likely to have >/=12 visits; mothers who were unilaterally violent toward the father were less likely. Most families were linked with a medical home; linkage rates for other community resources varied widely by type of service. Half of families overall, but >/=80% of those active at 1 year, received core home visiting services. Performance varied by program site. CONCLUSIONS: It is challenging to engage and retain at-risk families in home visiting. Service monitoring must be an integral part of operations. SN - 0031-4005 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10617732/Hawaii's_healthy_start_program_of_home_visiting_for_at_risk_families:_evaluation_of_family_identification_family_engagement_and_service_delivery_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=10617732 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -