Contribution of Ca(2+)-permeable AMPA/KA receptors to glutamate-induced Ca(2+) rise in embryonic lumbar motoneurons in situ.J Neurophysiol. 2000 Jan; 83(1):50-9.JN
Intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) was fluorometrically measured with fura-2 in lumbar motoneurons of acutely isolated spinal cord slices from embryonic rats. In ester-loaded cells, bath-applied glutamate (3 microM to 1 mM) evoked a [Ca(2+)](i) increase by up to 250 nM that was abolished by 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) plus 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (APV). CNQX or APV alone reduced the response by 82 and 25%, respectively. The glutamatergic agonists kainate (KA), quisqualate (QUI), and S-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxalone (S-AMPA) evoked a similar [Ca(2+)](i) transient as glutamate. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) was only effective to increase [Ca(2+)](i) in Mg(2+)-free saline, whereas [1S,3R]-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid ([1S,3R]-ACPD) had no effect. The glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rise was suppressed in Ca(2+)-free superfusate. Depletion of Ca(2+) stores with cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) did not affect the response. Thirty-six percent of the [Ca(2+)](i) increase in response to membrane depolarization induced by a 50 mM K(+) solution persisted on combined application of the voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel blockers nifedipine, omega-conotoxin-GVIA and omega-agatoxin-IVA. In fura-2 dialyzed motoneurons, the glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase was attenuated by approximately 70% after changing from current to voltage clamp. Forty percent of the remaining [Ca(2+)](i) transient and 20% of the concomitant inward current of 0.3 nA were blocked by Joro spider toxin-3 (JSTX). The results show that voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, including a major portion of R-type channels, constitute the predominant component of glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)](i) rises. NMDA and Ca(2+)-permeable KA/AMPA receptors contribute about equally to the remaining component of the Ca(2+) rise. The results substantiate previous assumptions that Ca(2+) influx through JSTX-sensitive KA/AMPA receptors is involved in (trophic) signaling in developing motoneurons.