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Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children.
J Pediatr 2000; 136(1):46-52JPed

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We evaluated whether replacing a proportion of saturated fat with vegetable oils in the diet of young children increases trans fatty acid intake.

STUDY DESIGN

Dietary counseling aimed to reach a dietary fat ratio of unsaturated to saturated fat of 2:1 within a total fat intake of 30% to 35% of energy (E%). Four-day food records of 813 3-year-old children were analyzed, and serum phospholipid fatty acid compositions of 25 randomly selected intervention children and 17 control children were analyzed.

RESULTS

trans fatty acid intake of the intervention and control children was small (0.8 E% and 0.6 E%, respectively; P <.001). The relative content of serum phospholipid trans 18:1 was closely similar in intervention and control children (1.0% and 0.9% of all fatty acids, respectively). Trans fatty acid intake and serum trans 18:1 correlated poorly with children's serum cholesterol and HDL cholesterol concentrations and inversely with serum phospholipid arachidonic to linoleic acid ratio (r = -0.373).

CONCLUSIONS

Trans fatty acid intake of children in Finland is minimal. Dietary intervention replacing saturated with unsaturated fatty acids is safe because it does not increase trans fatty acid intake or the relative content of trans fatty acids in the serum phospholipid fraction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cardiorespiratory Research Unit and the Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine, and Clinical Chemistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10636973

Citation

Salo, P, et al. "Low-saturated Fat, Low-cholesterol Diet in 3-year-old Children: Effect On Intake and Composition of Trans Fatty Acids and Other Fatty Acids in Serum Phospholipid fraction-The STRIP Study. Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for Children." The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 1, 2000, pp. 46-52.
Salo P, Seppänen-Laakso T, Laakso I, et al. Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children. J Pediatr. 2000;136(1):46-52.
Salo, P., Seppänen-Laakso, T., Laakso, I., Seppänen, R., Niinikoski, H., Viikari, J., & Simell, O. (2000). Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 136(1), pp. 46-52.
Salo P, et al. Low-saturated Fat, Low-cholesterol Diet in 3-year-old Children: Effect On Intake and Composition of Trans Fatty Acids and Other Fatty Acids in Serum Phospholipid fraction-The STRIP Study. Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for Children. J Pediatr. 2000;136(1):46-52. PubMed PMID: 10636973.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children. AU - Salo,P, AU - Seppänen-Laakso,T, AU - Laakso,I, AU - Seppänen,R, AU - Niinikoski,H, AU - Viikari,J, AU - Simell,O, PY - 2000/1/15/pubmed PY - 2000/2/19/medline PY - 2000/1/15/entrez SP - 46 EP - 52 JF - The Journal of pediatrics JO - J. Pediatr. VL - 136 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether replacing a proportion of saturated fat with vegetable oils in the diet of young children increases trans fatty acid intake. STUDY DESIGN: Dietary counseling aimed to reach a dietary fat ratio of unsaturated to saturated fat of 2:1 within a total fat intake of 30% to 35% of energy (E%). Four-day food records of 813 3-year-old children were analyzed, and serum phospholipid fatty acid compositions of 25 randomly selected intervention children and 17 control children were analyzed. RESULTS: trans fatty acid intake of the intervention and control children was small (0.8 E% and 0.6 E%, respectively; P <.001). The relative content of serum phospholipid trans 18:1 was closely similar in intervention and control children (1.0% and 0.9% of all fatty acids, respectively). Trans fatty acid intake and serum trans 18:1 correlated poorly with children's serum cholesterol and HDL cholesterol concentrations and inversely with serum phospholipid arachidonic to linoleic acid ratio (r = -0.373). CONCLUSIONS: Trans fatty acid intake of children in Finland is minimal. Dietary intervention replacing saturated with unsaturated fatty acids is safe because it does not increase trans fatty acid intake or the relative content of trans fatty acids in the serum phospholipid fraction. SN - 0022-3476 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10636973/Low_saturated_fat_low_cholesterol_diet_in_3_year_old_children:_effect_on_intake_and_composition_of_trans_fatty_acids_and_other_fatty_acids_in_serum_phospholipid_fraction_The_STRIP_study__Special_Turku_coronary_Risk_factor_Intervention_Project_for_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022347600843371 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -