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Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We evaluated whether replacing a proportion of saturated fat with vegetable oils in the diet of young children increases trans fatty acid intake.

STUDY DESIGN

Dietary counseling aimed to reach a dietary fat ratio of unsaturated to saturated fat of 2:1 within a total fat intake of 30% to 35% of energy (E%). Four-day food records of 813 3-year-old children were analyzed, and serum phospholipid fatty acid compositions of 25 randomly selected intervention children and 17 control children were analyzed.

RESULTS

trans fatty acid intake of the intervention and control children was small (0.8 E% and 0.6 E%, respectively; P <.001). The relative content of serum phospholipid trans 18:1 was closely similar in intervention and control children (1.0% and 0.9% of all fatty acids, respectively). Trans fatty acid intake and serum trans 18:1 correlated poorly with children's serum cholesterol and HDL cholesterol concentrations and inversely with serum phospholipid arachidonic to linoleic acid ratio (r = -0.373).

CONCLUSIONS

Trans fatty acid intake of children in Finland is minimal. Dietary intervention replacing saturated with unsaturated fatty acids is safe because it does not increase trans fatty acid intake or the relative content of trans fatty acids in the serum phospholipid fraction.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Cardiorespiratory Research Unit and the Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine, and Clinical Chemistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

    , , , , ,

    Source

    The Journal of pediatrics 136:1 2000 Jan pg 46-52

    MeSH

    Arachidonic Acid
    Arteriosclerosis
    Child, Preschool
    Cholesterol
    Cholesterol, Dietary
    Cholesterol, HDL
    Counseling
    Diet, Fat-Restricted
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fats, Unsaturated
    Energy Intake
    Fatty Acids
    Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
    Finland
    Humans
    Isomerism
    Linoleic Acid
    Medical Records
    Phospholipids
    Plant Oils
    Prospective Studies
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10636973

    Citation

    Salo, P, et al. "Low-saturated Fat, Low-cholesterol Diet in 3-year-old Children: Effect On Intake and Composition of Trans Fatty Acids and Other Fatty Acids in Serum Phospholipid fraction-The STRIP Study. Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for Children." The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 136, no. 1, 2000, pp. 46-52.
    Salo P, Seppänen-Laakso T, Laakso I, et al. Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children. J Pediatr. 2000;136(1):46-52.
    Salo, P., Seppänen-Laakso, T., Laakso, I., Seppänen, R., Niinikoski, H., Viikari, J., & Simell, O. (2000). Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 136(1), pp. 46-52.
    Salo P, et al. Low-saturated Fat, Low-cholesterol Diet in 3-year-old Children: Effect On Intake and Composition of Trans Fatty Acids and Other Fatty Acids in Serum Phospholipid fraction-The STRIP Study. Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project for Children. J Pediatr. 2000;136(1):46-52. PubMed PMID: 10636973.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Low-saturated fat, low-cholesterol diet in 3-year-old children: effect on intake and composition of trans fatty acids and other fatty acids in serum phospholipid fraction-The STRIP study. Special Turku coronary Risk factor Intervention Project for children. AU - Salo,P, AU - Seppänen-Laakso,T, AU - Laakso,I, AU - Seppänen,R, AU - Niinikoski,H, AU - Viikari,J, AU - Simell,O, PY - 2000/1/15/pubmed PY - 2000/2/19/medline PY - 2000/1/15/entrez SP - 46 EP - 52 JF - The Journal of pediatrics JO - J. Pediatr. VL - 136 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether replacing a proportion of saturated fat with vegetable oils in the diet of young children increases trans fatty acid intake. STUDY DESIGN: Dietary counseling aimed to reach a dietary fat ratio of unsaturated to saturated fat of 2:1 within a total fat intake of 30% to 35% of energy (E%). Four-day food records of 813 3-year-old children were analyzed, and serum phospholipid fatty acid compositions of 25 randomly selected intervention children and 17 control children were analyzed. RESULTS: trans fatty acid intake of the intervention and control children was small (0.8 E% and 0.6 E%, respectively; P <.001). The relative content of serum phospholipid trans 18:1 was closely similar in intervention and control children (1.0% and 0.9% of all fatty acids, respectively). Trans fatty acid intake and serum trans 18:1 correlated poorly with children's serum cholesterol and HDL cholesterol concentrations and inversely with serum phospholipid arachidonic to linoleic acid ratio (r = -0.373). CONCLUSIONS: Trans fatty acid intake of children in Finland is minimal. Dietary intervention replacing saturated with unsaturated fatty acids is safe because it does not increase trans fatty acid intake or the relative content of trans fatty acids in the serum phospholipid fraction. SN - 0022-3476 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10636973/Low_saturated_fat_low_cholesterol_diet_in_3_year_old_children:_effect_on_intake_and_composition_of_trans_fatty_acids_and_other_fatty_acids_in_serum_phospholipid_fraction_The_STRIP_study__Special_Turku_coronary_Risk_factor_Intervention_Project_for_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022347600843371 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -