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Incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000 Jan 01; 216(1):40-5.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) among 11 dog breeds (Akita, Bloodhound, Collie, Great Dane, Irish Setter, Irish Wolfhound, Newfoundland, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard, Standard Poodle, and Weimaraner).

DESIGN

Prospective cohort study.

ANIMALS

1,914 dogs.

PROCEDURE

Owners of dogs that did not have a history of GDV were recruited at dog shows, and the dog's length and height and depth and width of the thorax and abdomen were measured. Information concerning the dogs' medical history, genetic background, personality, and diet was obtained from owners, and owners were contacted by mail and telephone at approximately 1-year intervals to determine whether dogs had developed GDV or died. Incidence of GDV based on the number of dog-years at risk was calculated for each breed, and breed-related risk factors were identified.

RESULTS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Incidence of GDV for the 7 large (23 to 45 kg [50 to 99 lb]) and 4 giant (> 45 kg [> 99 lb]) breeds was 23 and 26 cases/1,000 dog-years at risk, respectively. Of the 105 dogs that developed GDV, 30 (28.6%) died. Incidence of GDV increased with increasing age. Cumulative incidence of GDV was 5.7% for all breeds. The only breed-specific characteristic significantly associated with a decreased incidence of GDV was an owner-perceived personality trait of happiness.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1243, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10638316

Citation

Glickman, L T., et al. "Incidence of and Breed-related Risk Factors for Gastric Dilatation-volvulus in Dogs." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 216, no. 1, 2000, pp. 40-5.
Glickman LT, Glickman NW, Schellenberg DB, et al. Incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000;216(1):40-5.
Glickman, L. T., Glickman, N. W., Schellenberg, D. B., Raghavan, M., & Lee, T. L. (2000). Incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 216(1), 40-5.
Glickman LT, et al. Incidence of and Breed-related Risk Factors for Gastric Dilatation-volvulus in Dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000 Jan 1;216(1):40-5. PubMed PMID: 10638316.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs. AU - Glickman,L T, AU - Glickman,N W, AU - Schellenberg,D B, AU - Raghavan,M, AU - Lee,T L, PY - 2000/1/19/pubmed PY - 2000/3/4/medline PY - 2000/1/19/entrez SP - 40 EP - 5 JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association JO - J Am Vet Med Assoc VL - 216 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare incidence of and breed-related risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) among 11 dog breeds (Akita, Bloodhound, Collie, Great Dane, Irish Setter, Irish Wolfhound, Newfoundland, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard, Standard Poodle, and Weimaraner). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. ANIMALS: 1,914 dogs. PROCEDURE: Owners of dogs that did not have a history of GDV were recruited at dog shows, and the dog's length and height and depth and width of the thorax and abdomen were measured. Information concerning the dogs' medical history, genetic background, personality, and diet was obtained from owners, and owners were contacted by mail and telephone at approximately 1-year intervals to determine whether dogs had developed GDV or died. Incidence of GDV based on the number of dog-years at risk was calculated for each breed, and breed-related risk factors were identified. RESULTS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Incidence of GDV for the 7 large (23 to 45 kg [50 to 99 lb]) and 4 giant (> 45 kg [> 99 lb]) breeds was 23 and 26 cases/1,000 dog-years at risk, respectively. Of the 105 dogs that developed GDV, 30 (28.6%) died. Incidence of GDV increased with increasing age. Cumulative incidence of GDV was 5.7% for all breeds. The only breed-specific characteristic significantly associated with a decreased incidence of GDV was an owner-perceived personality trait of happiness. SN - 0003-1488 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10638316/Incidence_of_and_breed_related_risk_factors_for_gastric_dilatation_volvulus_in_dogs_ L2 - https://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/10.2460/javma.2000.216.40 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -