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Evaluation of dream content in combat-related PTSD.
J Trauma Stress. 1999 Oct; 12(4):681-7.JT

Abstract

Nightmares that replicate traumatic events are among the criteria that define posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, there has been limited systematic assessment of the content of dreams in PTSD. A PTSD dream rating instrument was developed to operationalize features attributed to dreams associated with combat-related PTSD that incorporated dimensions from the dream content analysis literature, and its reliability was assessed. Then the instrument was used to characterize dream reports in 18 Vietnam combat veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Approximately half of the group's target dreams contained features characteristic of combat, and all but 3 (17%) were moderately to highly threatening. Fifty-three percent were set at least partially in the present and 79% contained distorted elements. We therefore conclude that target dreams of combat veterans with PTSD vary with regard to replication of trauma and elements normally associated with dreaming, but typically are threatening.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10646186

Citation

Esposito, K, et al. "Evaluation of Dream Content in Combat-related PTSD." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 12, no. 4, 1999, pp. 681-7.
Esposito K, Benitez A, Barza L, et al. Evaluation of dream content in combat-related PTSD. J Trauma Stress. 1999;12(4):681-7.
Esposito, K., Benitez, A., Barza, L., & Mellman, T. (1999). Evaluation of dream content in combat-related PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 12(4), 681-7.
Esposito K, et al. Evaluation of Dream Content in Combat-related PTSD. J Trauma Stress. 1999;12(4):681-7. PubMed PMID: 10646186.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of dream content in combat-related PTSD. AU - Esposito,K, AU - Benitez,A, AU - Barza,L, AU - Mellman,T, PY - 2000/1/26/pubmed PY - 2000/3/4/medline PY - 2000/1/26/entrez SP - 681 EP - 7 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - Nightmares that replicate traumatic events are among the criteria that define posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, there has been limited systematic assessment of the content of dreams in PTSD. A PTSD dream rating instrument was developed to operationalize features attributed to dreams associated with combat-related PTSD that incorporated dimensions from the dream content analysis literature, and its reliability was assessed. Then the instrument was used to characterize dream reports in 18 Vietnam combat veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Approximately half of the group's target dreams contained features characteristic of combat, and all but 3 (17%) were moderately to highly threatening. Fifty-three percent were set at least partially in the present and 79% contained distorted elements. We therefore conclude that target dreams of combat veterans with PTSD vary with regard to replication of trauma and elements normally associated with dreaming, but typically are threatening. SN - 0894-9867 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10646186/Evaluation_of_dream_content_in_combat_related_PTSD_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024725319777 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -